Skip to main content

Full text of "National Future Farmer"

See other formats

The National 


The Official Magazine of th 

WINTER 1953 


Farmers of America 










"Even in tough plowing 
we turn 20 acres in an 
8-hour day with our 


Super MP 

says A. C. Bradley, 
Fulton County, Indiana 

"When we consider our Super MD's increased power, fuel economy 
and faster field speeds, we really think we cut our plowing costs up to 40 
percent," says Mr. Bradley. "We use only 15 to 20 gallons of fuel to plow 
20 tough acres in an 8-hour day. Faster plowing rolls the dirt better, too — 
does a nicer job." Here is his son Bob, with the Farmall Super MD and 3- 
bottom McCormick plow. 

"I've owned Farmalls 20 years, but my new Super MD — and its matching 
McCormick equipment— is the best yet. It helps me work fast . . . avoid 
delays . . . and it's more economical." 

"I plowed up a road," reports Henry Longmeyer, Green 
County, 111. "The ground was packed from hauling manure 
along the end of the field. We plowed it with the Farmall 
Super C and 2-furrow McCormick plow with Plow Chief 
bottoms. I liked the way the plow stayed in the ground. In 
tough ground, plowing 8 inches deep, the Super C goes five 
hours on a tank of fuel." 

"Our Farmall Super M gives us plenty of power," says 
Walter Volk, Pierce County, N. D. "In one operation we 
plow 5 to 6 inches deep, work the soil, and drill up to 20 
acres of wheat a day. The moist soil sprouts the seed fast — 
gives it a good start against weather hazards. IH equipment 
exactly fits our kind of farming. I couldn't farm as I do, with- 
out my Farmall Super M ! " 

Prove that you, tOO, Can Save while doing better, faster work with a Farmall 
tractor and matched McCormick equipment! There are five sizes of Farmall tractors in 10 
models, to match your power, fuel and crop requirements exactly. Ask your IH Dealer for a 
demonstration — let a new Farmall pay for itself in use with the Income Purchase Plan. 


International Harvester products pay for themselves in use — McCormick Farm Equipment and Farmall Tractors . . . Motor 
Trucks . . . Crawler Tractors and Power Units . . . Refrigerators and c reezers — General Office, Chicago 1, Illinois 

Get Your TIRE FACTS From The river's Seat . . 





'"T'here's only one sure way to judge tractor tires and 
-*- that is from the driver's seat. Yes, you can believe 
your own eyes when you see the Firestone Champion in 
action . . . you can see that the curved bars grip the soil 
for a firm, sure hold . . . you can see how the flared tread 
openings keep the tire clean . . . and you can see how 
the wide, flat Firestone Champion tread design gives full 
traction contact which means maximum drawbar pull and 
longer tread life. 

Only Firestone Champions give you so many work- 
saving, money-saving advantages. Put a set of Firestone 
Champions to work on jour farm and you'll see why 
they pull better, last longer, and do more work for your 
tire dollar. 


America's Future 

^Progress Depends on/j 

\Better and Safer/ 



The all-purpose 
heavy duty truck tire 
that gives you more 
for your money. 
Built for extra trac- 
tion and extra mile- 
age both on and 

Enjoy the Voice of Firestone on radio or television every Monday evening over NBC 

Copyright, 1952, The Firestone Tire & Rubber Co. 


Jimmy Dillon President 

Jones, Louisiana 

Fred Reed, Jr Southern Vice President 

Hinds til! e, Arkansas 

Bill Sorem Central Vice President 

Dundas, Minnesota 

Donald R. Travis Pacific Vice President 

Fallon, Nevada 

Jimmy Willis Student Secretary 

Clio, South Carolina 


W. T. Spanton, Chairman 
L. C. Ualtiin H. N. Hansucker 

Carl M. Humphrey E. J. Johnson 

George H. Hurt R. E. Naugher 

Cola D. Watson A. W. Tenney 

Thf National _^ 

ruture fanner 

The Official M****!**' «t ASutfjK «JV«ei-»>f Amerje* ;■■: 

The National 

Photo by Bob Taylor 


Our cover boy, Bill Lancet of 
Cordell, Oklahoma, is admiring the 
FFA Hereford of Ted Green, also 
of Cordell. Ted is quite proud of his 
steers — the one on the cover made 
a good showing at both the Washita 
County Fair and Oklahoma City 
State Fair. 

Last year, one of Ted's steers was 
Grand Champion at the County Fair 
and Reserve Champion at the State 
Fair at Oklahoma City and Tulsa. 

Ted and his dad are partners in 
a 500-acre farm. They raise mostly 
wheat and cotton and have 35 head 
of Hereford and Angus cows, which 
they breed to their registered bulls. 


Lano .iron Editor 

Barbara 'jndell Editorial Assistant 

Eleanor Futch Editorial Assistant 

Marjorie i. White Editorial Assistant 

Eric N. Eric Art Editor 

V. Stanley Allen Circulation Manager 

Bill Prince Advertising Manager 

Future Farmer 

The Official Magazine of the Future Farmers uf America 

WINTER 1953 

VOL. I, NO. 2 


President Jimmy Dillon 9 

Star Farmer of America John Farrar 10 

It Wasn't Easy J. N. Adams 14 

The National Convention 15 

At Your Service Barbara Blondell 28 

To the Highest Bidder Jack Putman 34 

A Chapter House 35 

The Rugby Store M. White 36 

Partners '. 38 

The Results of Teamwork A. R. Cox 40 

Silver Year Celebration Bert J. Andrews 42 

The FFA Creed . 43 

In Puerto Rico C. V. Matters 50 

A Banquet for a Million H. Davis Lowery 52 

Wyoming's Frontier Chapter Lloyd Osborn 60 

NFA Progress : W. T. Johnson 61 


Farm Mechanics 

Inventor at 17 W. C. Dudley 22 

The Makings of a Winner 24 

Busy Welder 25 

An FFA Family in Action Olin V. Mann 26 


Destiny of Our Soil Hugh H. Bennett 12 

Quail Hunting L. I. Samuel 18 

Mysteries of Nature Byron W. Dalrymple 19 

Wanted: Ag Journalists Ken Kitch 31 

Make a Date Phillip Noble 39 

The 5th Plate Bill Prince 46 


Unc Liked Bear Meat Francis Ames 32 

The First One Doesn't Have a Chance 64 


The Editor's Desk 4 

From Your Letters - 6 

Picture Page 30 

Can You Top This? - 60 

THE NATIONAL FUTURE FARMER is published quarterly by the Future Farmers of America, Inc., 
Box 1180, Alexandria, Virginia, at 404 North Wesley Avenue, Mount Morris, Illinois. Entered as second- 
class matter at the post office at Mount Morris, III. Acceptance for mailing at special rate of postage 
provided for in Section 34.40(e). Subscription price is 25c per year, five years for SI. 00 in U.S. and 
possessions. Single copies. 10c in U.S. CHANGE OF ADDRESS. Send both old and new addresses 
to THE NATIONAL FUTURE FARMER, Box 1180, Alexandria, Virginia. 





If you want real, straight-from-the-shoulder facts about MM Visionlined 
Tractors . . . ask the man who farms with a Minneapolis-Moline why 
he bought an MM Tractor! You'll get an honest answer that goes some- 
thing like this: "I'm farming with an MM because I've found out just how 
much money it can make for me!" Thousands of farmers have said just 
that. Thousands have discovered that an abundance of low-cost power, 
special attention to quality, easier maintenance, extra years of service built 
in right at the factory ... all make MM Tractors the big value buy! 
Look at these quick facts. Then check with MM owners. At once you'll 
discover the "6 powerful reasons" why more and more farmers are buying 
MM Tractors. 


THIS MIGHTY 4-5 plow MM G Tractor has 
no equol for steady, dependable, maximum 
power. Built to handle the big jobs, it still delivers 
typical MM economy, like all MM tractors, the 
Model G is available with advanced UNI-MATIC 
Power for finger-tip hydraulic control of mounted 
or pull-behind implements. 

THERE'S A RESERVE of extra power in 
the MM 2-3 plow Z. With standard equipment 
the Z delivers approximately 36 h.p at the bell, 
31 h.p. at the drawbar . . . offers five forward 
Speeds ond reverse. For unmatched maintenance 
ease, the Z engine hos 140 fewer parti than moil 
Conventional vatve-in-head engine*! 

GET THE FACTS on the 2-ptowBF Tractor and 
you'll discover how much tractor you can buy at 
the BF's low price. The new BF Hi-Torque engine 
provides tremendous lugging power to handle 
work easier, foster, at lowest possible cost. Many 
comfort features, three front-en styles, matched 
implements make the BF an even bigger tractor 


work per hour, per season, per dollar invested, 
with the 3-4 plow MM U. In the U engine, max- 
imum torque is developed when the engine op 
erates at 10 to 20 per cent below rated speed. 
This extra lugging power provides a lower-eott 
power source for the big jobs and the smaller 

NOW THERE'S MORE power than ever bo. 
fore in the 2-plow MM Model R. Here's a tractor 
that gives big-tractor performance and depend- 
ability plus money-saving, smaller-troctor eco- 
nomy. The R's amazing new 3-point Hitchor 
mounts matched implements in 60 seconds. 

ONE-PLOW POWER at its low-cost best . . . 
that's what the MM Model V Tractor offers. For 
big production on small farms— for the ideal sec- 
ond tractor on the big farms, the Model V is in a 
closs by itself. See how much work can be done 
. . . how cheaply jobs are handled with this 
power-packed Model V Tractor. 









B 9M 


in MM Factories 
Assures Dependable 
Performance in 
the Field. 



F. F. jL 

From the 

Write for 


\ I I I IltOI.O. MASS. 

Official Jewelers for F.F.A. 

Will Your Chapter Win 

An Achievement Award 

for Controlling 

Rats and Mice? 

Right now is the ideal time to conduct your 
chapter's rat and mouse control achieve- 
ment campaign. Appoint your committees 
and you'll soon join the hundreds of other 
"rat-free" communities. 
Win a Gold Award, a Sil- 
ver Award — or both — 
plus the sincere apprecia- 
tion of your community. 

You still have time to enter — 
Mail your entry blank now! 


' P. O. Box 2059, Madison I , Wisconsin 

Editor's Desk 

What do you want? 

Well, what do you want out of life? Just exactly — and no fair 
cheating — what are you planning to do? If you are an average 
American, you don't know for sure, when put right down to the 
test. According to a survey I read recently, only two people out of 
a hundred really know definitely what they are seeking. 

Go ahead and dream 

Do you have some secret ambition? One that you hesitate to 
mention to the other fellows, but that you keep dreaming about? 
Well, that's OK. 

Don Staheli of Hurricane, Utah, has just finished serving as 
President of the Future Farmers of America. His tenure as National 
President took him to all parts of the country and gave him many 
memorable contacts with leaders in industry, agriculture, and gov- 
ernment, including the President of the United States. Pretty far 
for a farm boy to go? Yes, it is. But it all started with a secret 
ambition. You don't suppose Don announced to the world his can- 
didacy to the presidency when he made up his mind that he 
wanted the job, do you? 

You are right. He started out dreaming about it. In his own 
words, "While attending my first National FFA Convention I looked 
up to the presiding national officers with a great deal of admiration. 
This made me dream about such an office . . . ." So, go ahead and 
dream, my boy. 

One step at a time 

Don Staheli began his daydream about becoming a national 
officer early in his sophomore year in high school. But he did not 
become President until he had passed his 20th birthday. There 
was a long list of achievements between his dream and his goal. 
Maybe he didn't do too much more than the average fellow — but it 
was toward his objective — and that's what made it count. What I'm 
hinting at here is that it actually may not take a lot more work if 
you apply it all where it counts most. Great achievements are 
reached one step at a time — but more important than speed is the 
direction of the steps. 

What ahout the <joal posts? 

A number of years ago — I won't try to say how many — I was 
a spectator at a high school football game in a western oil field town. 
During the game a strong gust of wind blew down the goal posts at 
one end of the field. Unaware of the incident, the officials were 
about to go ahead with the game when we heard one of the players 
yell out, "What about the goal posts?" Somehow winners just have 
to have goal posts — and the goal is often what makes the winner. 

Dallas High, last year's National FFA Vice President, from 
Ohio City. Ohio, said, "It was a real inspiration to see the national 
officers perform — especially my first convention — and I remember 
it as only yesterday. I set my goal then to work for it (becoming 
a national officer)." But that was in 1946. 

Jimmy Willis, National Student Secretary, from South Carolina, 
said, "It was at the National Convention that I received the inspira- 
tion to obtain my American Farmer Degree. Little did I realize I 
would someday be a national officer. However, after watching the 
national officers, I decided to be a national officer." 

George Warmington, Star Regional Farmer of McMinnville, 
Oregon, said that after attending a National Convention "i was not 
satisfied until i had gone as far as i could." (You'll read about 
him in the Spring issue.) 

And Walter Wayne Vogel of Republic, Ohio, says, "I wish every 
FFA member could hear the stories of the four boys picked as 
Star Farmers as I first did. At that time I set a goal of working 
for one of these awards .... I can never forget that first FFA 

Today Walter Wayne Vogel is Star Farmer of America. 

Du Pont fuels 
the "JET" 

that guards crops and livestock! 

ONE device that symbolizes today's practical scien- 
tific farms is the sprayer, spouting chemicals from 
one "jet" or from twenty. High pressure or low, 3-gallon 
or 1000-gallon, it is a sign of modern times in agriculture. 
Why is this true? Because today specialized farm 
chemicals used in sprays are important to every kind 
of farming. Chemical sprays are used to: 

Kill flies and mosquitoes on livestock, in barns and 
other farm buildings. 

Control the insects and diseases that attack fruit and 
vegetables, cotton and corn, hay and pasture. 

Kill the weeds in fields and fencerows and the brush in 
rangeland, pasture and woodland. 

Many new spray chemicals as well as other products 
for the farm have been developed through Du Pont re- 
search. They have been tested and proven through the 
work of Du Pont scientists and technicians with the 
cooperation of schools and experiment stations and prac- 
tical farmers. You can look to Du Pont for chemicals to 

INSECTICIDES: epn 300, mar- 
late* methoxychlor. DEE- 
NATE* DDT, LEXONE - benzene 
hexachloride, KRENITE* dinitro 
spray, Du Pont Cotton Dusts, 
Du Pont Dairy Cattle Spray and 
Dairy Barn Insecticide. Du Pont 
Livestock Spray & Dip No. 30. 

FUNGICIDES: manzate.i par- 

ZATE* (nabam and zineb 1 , FER- 
MATE*iferbami,ZERLATE^ zi- 
rami. Copper- A ( fixed copper), 
X wettable sulfurs. 


AMMATE,* 2.4-D, TCA and 2, 


OL* Vitamin D3 ("Deactivated 
animal sterol), Methionine amino 

guard your crops and make 

your farm more productive. 


for corn, grass, legumes, peanuts, 
vegetables, sorghum, rice: CERE- 

On all chemicals always follow directions 

•^tti nriVr^N. 

SAN* for cotton and small grains. 

for application. Where warning or cau- 

rfl 1 M n 

tion statements on use of the product are 
given, read them carefully. 









This sign is 10 x 14 inches and 
made of metal designed for outdoor 
use. Lettering and emblem in full 
color on a white background. Espe- 
cially processed to withstand weath- 
er conditions. Space is provided so 
you can letter your name or farm 
on the sign. 

Item No. 1402 Price 60e each 

Another attractive identification 
sign, 24x33, has space for chapter 
name and is suitable for your school 
farm, shop or camp. An exhibitor 
sign to accompany your exhibit at 
the fair is also available from Supply 
Service. See page eight of the 
1952-53 catalog for description and 
cost. Your chapter advisor has a 

(Please include check or money order) 


Box 1180, Alexandria, Virginia 

Item No. 1402 



each S. 


Address Route .... Bo 




Your Letters 

editor's note: We figured that our 
Star Farmers and past and present na- 
tional officers would be just the peo- 
ple to give us some valuable com- 
ments on the first issue. So we asked 
them how they liked it — and were we 
pleased at what they said! We thought 
you might enjoy reading some oj our 
"fan mail." 

Hurricane, Utah 

"The first issue of The National 
FUTURE FARMER was a great suc- 
cess. I think all of the boys were well 
pleased, and we can all be proud of 
the magazine. The only comments I 
have heard to the contrary were from 
ag men who didn't like the front 
cover. They thought the color was 
beautiful but wanted to see a farm 
scene instead of a girl. Frankly. I 
really like the cover." 

Don Staheli 

Jones, Louisiana 

"After examining the first issue of 
The National FUTURE FARMER, I 
conclude that this is probably the best 
means at our command in creating 
greater knowledge and understanding 
of the activities of Future Farmers 
and the problems we face all over 

Jimmy Dillon 

Clio, South Carolina 

"I think that The National FUTURE 
FARMER is an excellent magazine, 
and I believe there are few, if any, 
magazines which have been such a 
success with the first issue." 

Jimmy Willis 

Cameron, Missouri 

"I was very well pleased with the 
first issue. Everyone that I have talked 
with concerning the magazine has also 
been well pleased." 

Charles Ocker 

Ohio City, Ohio 

"I was very much pleased with the 
first issue of the magazine. Grand ap- 
pearance. To me the most interesting 
articles were those of actual happen- 
ings of Future Farmer work. Profes- 
sional articles less important." 

Dallas High 

Dundas, Minnesota 

"I feel that it is what we have been 
waiting for. I have heard nothing but 
compliments en it. Possibly more ar- 
ticles on supervised farming programs. 
I especially liked Louis Bromfield's 
article and the story on striking out." 

Bill Sorem 

Goodlettsville, Tennessee 

"The National FUTURE FARMER 
is one of the most interesting maga- 
zines I have ever read." 

John Reynolds 

McMinnville, Oregon 

"I think the magazine is well ar- 
ranged with advice, success stories, 
jokes, etc., and I think it will help to 
bring all chapters in the country a 
little closer. I am very glad the FFA 
now has an official magazine." 

George Warmington 

Repuhlic, Ohio 

"This magazine brings to me the 
stories of what other Future Farmers 
and their chapters are doing. It inter- 
ests me very much to learn of the 
many new things other boys are 

Walter Wayne Vogel 

Corfu, New York 

"The first issue was tops in every 
way. If each issue from now on meets 
the quality of the first, I will be per- 
fectly satisfied. The cover was veiy 
attractive, but I heard some comment 
that it should pertain more to farming 
and Future Farmers and their ac- 

Gerald Reynolds 

Fallon, Nevada 

"An exceptionally fine magazine — 
educational, entertaining, and inspir- 

Don Travis 

Hindsville, Arkansas 

"(The magazine) seemed unique in 
its representation of our organization 
— lots of pictures made it even more 
interesting. Here's hoping that its ac- 
ceptance is wide-spread in all state as- 

Fred Reed 

Sensible Tools For Practical Conservation 

It's one thing to build good soil-conserving struc- 
tures, and to initiate sound conservation practices. 
It's another thing to maintain them on a practical 
basis ... to keep them working properly. 

We've all seen terraces, grassed waterways, and other 
structures carefully designed to save soil, doing more 
harm than good because they were allowed to break 
down at vital points during critical seasons. The lack 
of sensible tools to maintain such soil and water- 

holding structures is often the Achilles heel of con- 
servation practices. 

The New Ii)E\-Horn Hydraulic Loader and Dozer, 
with easy-on-and-olT working attachments, is the tvpe 
of big capacity, versatile tool that makes it possible 
for the farmer easily to do a good job of conservation 
within the framework of his regular farming routine. 
Design and cpiality of this tool is outstanding . . . 
which is expected of any piece of farm equipment 
bearing the name "New Idea." 

New Idea 



Coldwater, Ohio 

l'/z-ton 12-foot stake — also available on 2-ton chassis 




The Studebaker reputation for low-cost transportation 

began back in the middle of the last century. 

Husky, powerful Studebaker trucks by the hundreds of thousands are 

adding new luster to that reputation day after day. 

Good-looking exterior design makes 
you proudtoownaStudebaker truck. 
You have a choice of streamlined l A 
ton, 3 i ton and 1 ton pick-ups and 
stakes or handsome, powerful, extra 
rugged V, 2 ton and 2 ton Studebakers. 

Roomy cab is weather-tight — and 

Studebaker's marvelous Truck Cli- 
matizer, available at extra cost, 
keeps you snugly warm, defrosts 
windshield and windows. Steering 
post gearshift on light duty models. 

Cab steps are fully enclosed so that 
slippery muck, snow and ice won't 
endanger you . Wide doors have auto- 
matic "hold-open" stops and tight- 
grip rotary latches. Big windshield 
and windows provide fine visibility. 

Exceptionally low upkeep is assured 
by Studebaker's wear-resisting truck 
craftsmanship. Day after day, you 
get the benefit of over 100 years of 
world-wide Studebaker experience. 
Studebaker, South Bend 27. Ind., U. S. A. 

The hopes, plans, and high ideals 
of the FFA have been placed in the 
capable hands of 


THE 1952 National Convention in 
Kansas City elected Jimmy Dillon, a 
20-year-old of Bonita, Louisiana, 
President of the Future Farmers of 
America. "President" is a title that 
seems to be a natural with the name 
Jimmy Dillon. And leadership is a 
role for which Jimmy is well suited; 
the presidency is in able hands. 

Jimmy became a Future Farmer in 
1946. The years since then, with re- 
peated emphasis on leadership, enu- 
merate many offices: FFA Chapter 
President; Area President; State 
President; Chapter Vice President; 
Chapter Secretary; State Treasurer; 
State Parliamentarian; Treasurer of 
Freshman High School Class; Vice 
President of Sophomore Class: Presi- 
dent of Junior Class; Teacher of 
Training Union Class; four-term 
President of Sunday School Class; 
President of Senior High School Class; 
and President of Phi Gamma Delta 
Fraternity Pledge Class, University 
of Louisiana. 

Jimmy has been active in the Bon- 
ita. Louisiana, Future Farmers in 
many ways beside the offices named 
above. He is a four-time Toastmaster 
of the FFA Father and Son Banquet; 
delegate to the State and National 
Conventions; member of the local and 
district Parliamentary Procedure 
Team before being State Parliamen- 
tarian; committee member sponsor- 
ing FFA recreational activities for a 
100 percent chapter; chairman of com- 
mittees sponsoring horse shows and 
stunt nights; and chairman of FFA 
committees buying seed corn co- 

The chapter advisor, Carl D. Lang, 
tells us that Jimmy has carried out an 
outstanding supervised farming pro- 
gram and has kept his surroundings in 
excellent condition. At home, for in- 
stance, Jimmy has planted shrubbery, 
built walks, leveled and re-seeded the 
lawn, electrically wired the house, 
and repaired the roof. 

Jimmy Dillon is a 1950 graduate of 
the Bonita High School where, it goes 
without saying, the principal endorses 
Jimmy's scholastic record. The new 

president is, at present, a sophomore 
majoring in agricultural education at 
the state university; but will drop out 
of school during the term of his FFA 
office. While at the university, Jimmy 
has been a part-time farmer, having 
an agreement with his father that his 
farming enterprises would be taken 
care of during the week and he would 
personally attend to them weekends. 

He repays his father by helping him 
with his crops in the summer. 

Assets owned by Jimmy himself are 
six dairy cattle, five beef cattle, five 
acres of cotton, three acres of oats, five 
acres of corn, six acres of hay and 
nine swine. He operates a 680-acre 
farm in partnership with his father, 
W. H. Dillon, producing beef cattle, 
hogs, cotton and corn. 

Walter Wayne Vogel and his landlord, W. B. Shumway, looking over the proposed site of a tile drainage project. 
Disappointed with previous tenants, Mr. Shumway had the farm up for sale. Now, however, he wouldn't think of selling it. 

No piece of machinery should be exposed to the weather, Wayne and his wife, Kathleen, discuss one of the aspects of 
as every good farmer knows. Wayne and Mr. Shumway farming that helped him win the highest honor the FFA can 
check this side-delivery rake. bestow on a member. 


Sheep like this can mean a lot to a young 
farmer, and Wayne knows it. 


Director of Public Relations, FFA 

Today, Walter Wayne Vogel is the 
Star Farmer of America and worth 
$16,000. Eight years ago, he possessed 
nothing but unbeatable ambition. 

Before he entered high school, 
Wayne's parents were separated, and 
he and his mother were living on a 
one-acre place near McCutchenville, 
Ohio. At that time, he knew he wanted 
to become a farmer and began to rent 
small plots of ground, hiring the ma- 
chinery to cultivate them. 

When Wayne became a vocational 
agriculture student, he developed a 
farming program of 85 ducks and 400 
ducklings, 370 chicks, six acres of 
corn, and one-fourth acre of potatoes. 
He cleared $700 from his freshman 
projects and earned $345 doing day 
labor for farmers in the community. 
Keeping the South Bend Cemetery 
mowed brought in $275 and general 
lawn mowing $82. 

In his second year, he obtained more 
land and grew 13 acres of corn, five 
acres of wheat, and one-eighth acre 
of potatoes. In addition, he ra?sed 600 
chicks, 131 hens, and 197 ducks. These 
projects netted him $721.72, while out- 
side work produced about $335. 

By his junior year, Wayne had 
bought a used tractor and some sec- 
ond-hand machinery for working his 
crop land. He rented unused buildings 
to house his laying hens, bought a 
sow and a heifer, and continued rent- 

ing and working small acreages of 
land. When he graduated in 1949, he 
was farming 96 acres of land, had a 
fairly complete line of farm equip- 
ment, had expanded his poultry enter- 
prise, and was raising a few hogs. 

Wayne's leadership accomplish- 
ments parallel his farming achieve- 
ments. During his high school years, 
he found time to serve one-year terms 
as secretary and president of his FFA 
chapter and represented it for two 
years in the state FFA Public Speak- 
ing Contest. He was president of the 
county's Junior Fair Board, secre- 
tary of his Sunday school, and as- 
sistant steward in the local grange. 

In 1949, Ohio Future Farmers 
looked over his work and chose him 
to receive their top award — Star State 
Farmer. They also elected him for the 
1949-50 Vice President of the state 

In 1950, he rented a 160-acre farm 
from W. B. Shumway of Tiffin. The 
farm was badly run down, the build- 
ings neglected, and the landlord so 
disgusted with previous tenants that 
he had the farm up for sale. After 
Wayne's first year as a tenant, he was 
very pleased with the progress of the 
young farmer. He took the farm off 
the market and began working with 
Wayne to improve it. So far, they have 
installed running water in the house, 
laid tile for drainage, and are clearing 

20 acres of thin woodlot that has not 
been farmed. 

Wayne rebuilt the brooder houses, 
built a foundation under the granary, 
removed the old barn floor and hauled 
in fill dirt to provide a place to store 
his machinery. The buildings are old 
and could use a coat of paint, but the 
premises are neat and have a much 
different appearance now. 

Young Vogel has a complete line 
of farm equipment and estimates that 
it, together with his livestock and 
other assets, is worth more than 

Wayne's wife, Kathleen, gives him 
a hand with the work in the fields dur- 
ing the rush seasons, and his mother 
lives with them in their comfortably 
furnished home. 

Wayne is continuing his education. 
He now lives in the Sycamore com- 
munity where he is a member and of- 
ficer of the Young Farmer class. Dur- 
ing the 1952 Ohio Young Farmer Con- 
ference. Wayne was elected State 
Vice President and represented Ohio 
at the Young Farmer National Con- 

It is easy to see why Wayne was 
considered for — and received — the 
highest FFA award — that of Star 
Farmer of America. And it is easy to 
suppose he'll make good use of the 
$1,000 Foundation check. 

Must be pretty close to feeding time from the looks of the crowd following Wayne to the barn. 

Modern soil conservation calls for use of adaptable measures necessary to keep the land permanently productive. 

ature's handbook on soil pro- 
tection has provided us with 
our basic ideas about how to 
control erosion and conserve 
rainfall. This book is not written on 
paper, but is clearly seen across the 
landscape — by those who really see 
what they look at. Nature first builds 
soil from the underlying rocks and 
then arranges to keep it perpetually 
productive by clothing it with a di- 
versity of plants perfectly fitted to 
the capability of the land and cli- 

At the time the Soil Conservation 
Service got under way 19 years ago, 
not many farmers had given serious 

thought to the needs for controlling 
erosion; still fewer had done anything 
of consequence about it. The public 
complacently assumed that our farm- 
land was inexhaustible, so there was 
no impelling movement to do any- 
thing about the problem. 

Today, however, most farmers and 
a considerable segment of the public 
recognize the need for soil conserva- 
tion and have some understanding of 
how it is accomplished. Even boys and 
girls in city as well as rural schools 
generally have some knowledge of the 
subject. This, I consider highly en- 
couraging because, when a clear un- 
derstanding of our national problems 

gets into the minds of our youth, it 
means real progress, for youth hold 
persistently to early convictions. 

Modern soil conservation promotes 
national strength by safeguarding 
man's most indispensable resource — 
productive land. Nothing less than this 
will assure the permanency of our ag- 
riculture. Without such permanency 
there will be a dangerously weak link 
in the chain of steps that must be 
taken to guarantee national security. 
This means that we must have perma- 
nent protection and proper use of 
every acre on every farm and ranch 
throughout the country. 

We are fortunate that conservation 

Hugh H. Bennett 

Former Chief of the Soil Conservation Service 

Photos courtesy SCS 

^r-. : % '-■ 

*■* ~— 

- " « **:^ 


1 <&&*& 

Erosion can be stopped and the land, in time, brought 
back to productive use. This pasture has just been 
planted to black locusts and fenced trom livestock. 

Five years later the trees average 15 feet, and grass 
has taken over the bare spots. The land is producing 
pasture, fence posts, and is a good wildlife refuge. 

farming came along when it did. As it 
was, we were late starting, but not too 
late. It was impossible, of course, to 
undo all the vast damage our land had 
suffered through generations of ne- 
glect and abuse; but we are finding it 
possible to save what is left — and are 
very busy at the job. 

Fortunately this work of properly 
caring for the land increases per-acre 
yields to a degree that makes it pay its 
way and more. It is the soundest in- 
vestment we could possibly make, na- 
tionally or individually. Moreover, it 
has helped tremendously at a time 
when we needed more production 
than we had ever dreamed of needing. 

We have found that the most effi- 
cient way to carry out the soil and 
water conservation job is through the 
cooperative action of landowners and 
operators working together and as- 
sisted by competent technicians. We 
very fortunately live in a democracy, 
and our approach to the problem has 
followed democratic processes. Con- 
gress established the Soil Conserva- 
tion Service to help farmers solve 
their conservation problems. 

State governments are making their 
contributions in various ways, as 
through the soil conservation districts 
established under state law and 
through the agricultural experiment 
stations. To my mind, the most impor- 
tant way state governments have par- 
ticipated is in the adoption of state 
laws enabling landholders and farm 
operators to form and supervise their 
own conservation districts. I have 
been closely associated with these 
districts since their beginning, and my 
respect for their capacity to guide the 
program has grown from the first. 

The soil conservation district move- 
ment was conceived with the idea of 
getting farmers more interested in the 
work by taking a controlling hand in 

it and through the process of people 
working closely together, as is rapidly 
coming about in the districts. Unless 
farmers work together on the con- 
servation job — and unless there is 
some unity of thinking and action with 
respect to the farmers' responsibility 
and action — there is little chance of 
maintaining in any adequate way the 
measures that are applied to the land. 
Actually, the districts are proving a 
powerful catalytic agent in the matter 
of influencing farmers to help one an- 
other by counseling among themselves 
and encouraging one another — even 
helping one another in times of emer- 
gency with actual work, loan of ma- 
chines, etc. 

Our conservation technicians work 

cooperatively with farmers out where 
the problem exists — that is. out in the 
fields, pastures, woodlots, and over 
any idle land on the farm. 

The SCS and other agencies can and 
do give assistance to the districts in 
their respective fields. Teachers of vo- 
cational agriculture. Future Farmers 
of America, and various other organ- 
izations, technical and civic, have 
helped. Many SCS employees came 
from the rolls of the vocational agri- 
cultural workers, and many farmers 
cooperating in the national program 
were induced to take up the work by 
their vocational teachers. 

But these assisting agencies cannot 

assume the direction or management 

(Co?iri?n<ed o?i page 54) 

As compared with the sod covered area on the right, the field at left 
has lost 20 inches of soil through erosion in 50 years of cropping. 


Illinois FFA Executive Secretary 

Do you think you have it tough at 
times? How would you like to have 
been in Lewis Britton's place? When 
he was 11. he had to leave his friends 
and the city home where he had al- 
ways lived and move 50 miles to a 
run-down hill farm. 

Two years after he moved, his 
father died, and he, his mother, and 
grandparents were left on the farm. 
His grandmother was an invalid, and, 
although his grandfather had done 
farming, he was unable to tackle 
heavy work. So the major responsi- 
bility for operating the farm fell on 
the shoulders of Lewis. 

When he was 13, Lewis entered 
Greenville, Illinois, High School and 
enrolled in vocational agriculture. 
Kenneth Cheatham, of the Greenville 
Chapter, had recently finished his year 
as President of the Illinois FFA Asso- 
ciation. Soon he was to receive his 
American Farmer Degree and be 
named Star Farmer of America. Lewis 
wanted to join the FFA. 

Vocational agriculture teacher Carl 
S. Brock encouraged Lewis to have 
the Soil Conservation Service make 
a survey of his farm. The SCS found 
that the average slope on Lewis' cul- 
tivated ground was four feet per 100 
feet and advised him to change from 
grain to grassland farming. 

After studying the farm survey, 
Lewis went to work. Where the land 
was not too sloping, he used contour 

plowing, grass waterways, and strip- 
cropping. Wheat stubble was left on 
the soil to prevent washing, and the 
straw was chopped and put back on 
the ground to add organic matter. 

Where the slope was steeper and 
the gullies deeper, he built four ter- 
races totaling over 5,000 feet. Each 
terrace cost Lewis and his hired man 
three weeks of all-day labor. Seventy- 
four acres less suitable for cultivation 
were put into permanent pasture. 

During the last three years, the 
Greenville FFA has helped him set 
out 4,000 pine trees, 1,500 walnut 
trees, and 5,500 multiflora roses for 
hedge fence. 

Near the house has been built a 
large pond. 26 feet deep, which holds 
enough water for all barn and house- 
hold use except drinking water. An- 
other pond is almost completed and 
several others are planned. When 
these are constructed, the livestock 
will have access to water in each 
pasture, with all ponds fenced against 
livestock, and watering places fixed 
just below the ponds. 

Lewis is especially proud of his 
care of wildlife. He has furnished 
them with ample natural cover, and 
they may secure food in his clover - 
bluegrass pastures and along the edges 
of his grain fields. He has placed bass 
in the farm pond and spread high- 
nitrogen fertilizer around its edge to 
promote plant growth. 

Lewis is a worker, and 
grandfather is still spry. 

Lewis says with pride that "our 
system of clover, multiflora roses, pine 
trees, and ponds provides virtually a 
wildlife paradise." 

Mr. Brock often uses the Britton 
farm to demonstrate to his Future 
Farmers how they can improve their 
farms. For the past five years, he has 
watched over Lewis' work, and the 
Britton farm is one of five in the 
county having special records and 
personal supervision by the Soil Con- 
servation Service. 

With all the practical experience 
he has acquired, Lewis was a natural 
for winning the Soil and Water Man- 
agement Contest in his chapter. From 
there, he went on to take section, 
district, state, and Central Region 
honors. Then, at the National Con- 
vention. Dallas High, Vice President 
from the Central Region, announced 
that Lewis had won the National Soil 
and Water Management Award. 

Advisor Carl Brock congratulates 
Lewis for winning the top award. 

School and community accomplish- 
ments have also played an important 
part in Lewis Britton's life. He ranked 
fifth high in his graduating class, par- 
ticipated in school athletics and drama, 
sang in the school's Boys' Quartet, and 
played piano for the Boys' Chorus. 

Lewis was secretary of the Green- 
ville FFA Chapter in 1950-51 and 
president during 1951-52. He has rep- 
resented his chapter at the state and 
national conventions and, last year, 
was top chairman in the State Par- 
liamentary Procedure Contest. 

From the beginning, Lewis and his 
mother have been partners in the 
farming venture. Now, at 17, he and 
his mother are co-owners of Wood- 
wind Farm. 

Farming is a full-time job, but 
Lewis wants a college education, too. 
He has enrolled at Greenville College, 
which he plans to attend for two 
years. He wants to finish at the Uni- 
versity of Illinois in the College of 

It's not an easy program — main- 
taining a farm and going to college. 
But neither was it easy for him to 
make a profitable business out of a 
run-down farm. Lewis Britton thinks 
he can carry out his college plans and 
so do the folks who know him. 

Traffic in busy downtown Kansas City gives way to the Future Farmers of America as they come into town in force. 



...birthplace of ambition 

For some unknown reason it takes an event that 
stirs our emotions to ignite the spark of ambition within 
us. Once aroused it seems to carry boys on to greater 
achievement than they had ever dreamed possible. 

This isn't hearsay. To learn it first hand all you have 
to do is talk to any group of national officers or Star 
Farmers. Their inspiration invariably came from hearing 
the accomplishments of other boys — and from watching 
the presiding officers at the National Convention. 

For that reason The National Future Farmer brings 
you this pictorial review of the recent National Conven- 
tion. With the thought that a picture is worth a thousand 
words, we hereby put in reach of every Future Farmer 
in America a small glimpse of the highlights of the con- 
vention. Maybe in some it will touch the spark of sleep- 
ing genius. 

Lest we underestimate the significance of our FFA as- 
semblage in Kansas City each year, we should be re- 
minded that there are no other instances where young 
men display such indelible qualities of leadership. The 
ever increasing attention the convention receives through- 
out our land and abroad is evidence that more than a 
passing interest is being manifest in the development 
of our young leaders. 

Massing of the flags is in progress while the National 
FFA Band and Chorus entertain. This is just before 
the impressive presentation of the Star Farmer Awards. 


L to r, Regional Star Farmers George Warmington (Ore.), John Reynolds 
(Tenn.), and Frank Arnold (N. Y.) and Star Farmer Walter Vogel (Ohio). 

During the 1952 National Convention more than 7,000 Future Farmers 
signed up at the busy registration desk in the Municipal Auditorium. 

Bill Newma, President of the Future 
Farmers of Canada, was guest speaker. 



Almost every session included the 
announcement of winners and the 
presentation of awards, provided in 
most cases by the National FFA 

Besides the awards shown here, 
more than 300 boys were on hand to 
receive their American Farmer De- 
gree. Advisors of National Gold Em- 
blem Chapters were awarded the 
Honorary American Farmer Degree, 
while others, both in and out of vo- 
cational agriculture, were similarly 

One evening session included the 
National Public Speaking Contest, but 
not until the final session were the 
new officers known. Adult judges 
were selected for the speaking, but 
the officer selection was in the hands 
of a committee comprised of official 
delegates from several states. 

Entertainments have been growing 
in frequency and popularity, and lo- 
cally sponsored tours to points of in- 
terest have become a specialty. And 
— as though they didn't have enough 
to do — the boys take over Kansas 


r f ,^fl 



1 *w 

: illll- , 

' Tt~ ^ ^vj|» 

i < 


S v ,JJ 

jy I '^ 

\ ^v 


,T' !'-■■ 

The South Dakota FHA Orchestra provided some of the 
amateur talent that performed at the '52 Convention. 

The five National FFA Foundation Award Winners re- 
ceived $250 each; the regional winners received $200. 



One of the high points of the festivities was the barbecue 
dinner given by the Saddle and Sirloin Club of Kansas 

City. Before dinner some fifteen hundred FFA members 
and guests enjoyed a horse show at the Club arena. 

Special entertainment was provided by Bruce Ayers (Va.) receiving the Pub- These are the student officers who 
Firestone Tire and Rubber Company. lie Speaking Award from C. R. Ocker. were chosen to guide the FFA in '53. 


1953 is 25th Anniversary Year for the 
FFA. You'll want to plan activities 
for this important occasion, so read 
how you can participate in the . . 

Silver Year Celebration 

Staff Writer 


this year, more than 350,000 members 
in the 48 states, Hawaii, and Puerto 
Rico, will be finding ways to tell the 
world that the FFA has "come of age." 
with 25 years of valuable contributions 
to the nation's welfare and develop- 
ment behind it. 

Achievements of the past will be 
recalled with pride, but the theme of 
the Silver Anniversary will be to aim 
at even greater deeds in the next 
quarter century. 

FFA, like any other organization, 
needs the recognition and support of 
the public if it is to continue to fulfill 
its purposes. Getting that recognition 
and support is the primary purpose of 
many of the public relations activities 
during this Anniversary year. 

Most of the FFA's accomplishments 
in past years have been done through 
group and individual efforts at the 
local chapter level, and this will be 
true for the Silver Anniversary cele- 
bration. Of course, during 1953, state 
associations and the National organi- 
zation will sponsor many activities to 
call the public's attention to the FFA. 
but their primary concern will be to 
furnish aids and suggestions to the 
local chapters, for it is the work of 
their members that will carry the real 

Several items are being prepared 
at the National FFA Office to help 
local chapters and members in their 
celebration. A complete list of the 
items, with directions on how to get 
them, will be mailed to vocational 
agriculture instructors. Here are some 
of the articles which will be available: 

1. Silver Anniversary seals — attrac- 
tive FFA stickers calling attention to 
the 25th Anniversary for members to 
place on their stationery. 


2. Silver Anniversary buttons — ■ 
similar to the popular FFA buttons. 
Members can wear them on their 
jackets or shirts. 

3. Silver Anniversary posters — to be 
placed in downtown store windows 
and other places where they will at- 
tract attention. 

4. Special editorial cartoon mats — 
to be furnished local newspapers so 
they can feature FFA's Anniversary 
in cartoon form. 

5. Specially designed banquet place 
cards to feature the Silver Anniver- 
sary at FFA parent-son banquets. 

National FFA Week. February 21 to 
28, is the logical time for the Anniver- 
sary celebration "kickoff." Activities 
can be similar to those held in past 
years during FFA Week except to 
make mention of "Silver Anniversary 
Year" or "25th Anniversary" wher- 
ever possible. 

FFA Week gives Future Farmers 
an open door to newspapers and radio 
stations for special publicity. During 
the week, many newspapers devote a 
special issue or a special page to the 
Future Farmers of America. They 
carry stories about the local chapter, 
pictures of its members, and fre- 
quently obtain a series of advertise- 
ments from local merchants congratu- 
lating the FFA chapter for its accom- 

Chapters in the vicinity of radio 
stations find that, during the week, the 
stations are glad to arrange special 
FFA programs or to carry special 
congratulatory messages. Many state 
associations make sample radio scripts 
available to local chapters — scripts 
that can easily be adapted to local 

Special FFA exhibits, like those 
used by FFA chapters during fairs, 
are often placed in downtown store 
windows so that many people will see 
them. Many chapters make arrange- 
ments for their officers or other out- 
standing members to speak about the 
FFA at local civic club meetings. 
School asembly programs, special FFA 
editions of the school paper, and FFA 
Week proclamations by the town 
mayor are other means often used by 
Future Farmer chapters to publicize 
their organization. 

One of the most popular parts of 
the FFA Week is the annual parent- 
son banquet, which offers an excellent 
opportunity of getting parents and in- 
fluential townsmen to hear more about 
the FFA. 

These are just a few of the ways 
local chapters may gain publicity and 
attention for the FFA during their 
week, or, for that matter, throughout 
the Anniversary year. 

One of FFA's greatest assets is the 
initiative of its members, officers, and 
local advisors in developing programs 
of work to carry out the Anniversary 
theme. Using the above suggestions 
as "starters," members in the local 
chapters can work up many activities 
that will make 1953 be the year the 
nation really took notice of its greatest 
farm youth organization. 

One other suggestion — if your chap- 
ter sponsors some unusual activity 
that goes over well, write an article 
about it for your state FFA magazine 
. . . other chapters may be able to 
benefit from your experience. Of 
course, there'll never be another 
Silver Anniversary, but there will al- 
ways be a need for promoting the 



the golden plover is a bird of the 
shores and the marshes with which 
few of us are familiar. But his fame 
among naturalists is assured. He has 
baffled them for years by achieving 
the impossible. His main nesting 
ground is along the shore of Bering 

Strait. In late summer, adult birds 
wing their way over several thousand 
miles of Alaskan and Canadian wil- 
derness, moving southeastward clear 
to the Atlantic. There, in the general 
region of Nova Scotia, they feed fat, 
then hop off over some 2,400 nonstop 

miles of open ocean, coming to rest 
again on the coast of Brazil. With 
short rest periods, they now jaunt on 
down into Patagonia, having covered 
some 8,000 miles in a great ellipse. 

They cannot tarry long, even after 
this awesome feat. Soon they start 
back to the ancestral Arctic breeding 
grounds. But on the return, instead of 
back-tracking, they fly up across 
South America, cross the Gulf of 
Mexico, and follow the Mississippi 
Valley up to the Canadian border, 
thence back to Bering Strait. How did 
they ever manage to lay out this 
route? How do they know, when they 
leave Nova Scotia, that land lies hun- 
dreds of miles distant? A hundred 
questions come to mind. None can be 
satisfactorily answered. But the most 
astonishing facet has yet to be told. 
For as we follow these adult birds on 
their fabulous journey, what of the 
young they have left behind? 

After the parents have left Bering 
Strait, the young of the year try out 
their wings. Finally they, too, have 
the all-powerful urge to move south 
with the sun. Do they follow the sky 
paths their parents have taken? No. 
Down across Canada they travel, 
down the Mississippi Valley, and so 
on into South America — the very 
route their parents, whom they may 
possibly meet in Patagonia, will take 
coming back. The youngsters will go 
back to Bering Strait the same way, 
too. But the next year, when they are 
stronger and more experienced, they 
will follow the Great Ellipse route of 
their elders! 

The whys and hows of the lives of 
wild creatures have been challenging 
and intriguing scientists and laymen 
for centuries. As the decades roll on, 

more and more answers are found to 
the curious mysteries of their comings 
and goings, their whims and fancies. 
But most appealing of all are not the 
startling answers which have been 
found, but the mysteries to which 
mankind seems incapable of ever 
finding answers. For in these un- 
solved problems is to be glimpsed 
fleetingly the vastness and complexity 
of an overall plan which dwarfs the 
power of man's reason and dulls the 
sharp probe of his research. 

Last winter I was hunting bobcats 
in a north-Michigan forest with an- 
other man and his pack of crack 
hounds. Bobcats move at night, cling- 
ing to thick cedar tangles. When the 
hunter locates a track it is, therefore, 
anywhere up to 12 hours old. We 
found such a track, but it had been 
snowing hard during the night, and 
the pad imprints were all but filled. 

The hounds were unleashed. With 
a bellow, they were away . I had 
hunted various kinds of game behind 
hounds hundreds of times, but never 
before had I been struck by the curi- 
ous question that came to my mind 
as I watched them last winter. How 
did they know which way to run? 
You may think you can answer this 
question easily. But be assured that 
men have been trying to do just that 
for centuries. 

Do the dogs look at the track, and 
tell the direction the animal was 
traveling? No. A hound runs purely 
by scent, often running far to the side 
of the track in his haste. In the case of 
our bobcat track, it would have taken 
an expert woodsman to tell which 
way was correct, so badly had snow 
obliterated the imprints. The easiest 
way to prove that sight has nothing to 
do with it, however, is to watch a 
good hound run a trail on hard bare 
ground or rock, where no track im- 
print is left. 

Some claim that each imprint car- 
ries a little more scent than the one 
before it because it is slightly newer, 
and that this obviously leads the 

hound in the direction of the stronger 
scent. This sounds logical at first 
hearing, but isn't. The individual im- 
prints were made split seconds apart. 
A good "cold-trailing" hound can 
sometimes work out a track that is 
several days old. The infinitesimal age 
difference of individual track imprints 
after that length of time would hardly 
account for the swift and unerring 
work of the hound. There are many 
other attempted explanations, but the 
best that can be said is that a hunting 
hound never runs a track backward. 
Or, if he does start out in the wrong 
direction in his first excitement at 
being slipped, he will quickly re- 
orient himself and circle back in the 
right direction. 

One man told me recently, when I 
asked him how he explained this 
mystery, "The ancestors of hunting 
hounds, centuries ago, hunted to eat. 
It's instinct, brought down through 
the ages. They just know, that's all." 

This is a pleasant way to duck the 
question. It is the cozy way in which 
the sewing-circle naturalist likes to 
give up on nature's mysteries. Nature 
would be a pitiful jumble, indeed, if 
this were true. Actually, there is 
nothing in the whole intricate dove- 
tailing of the entire animate universe 
that works in such a slipshod manner. 
Just as an automobile has a radiator 
for one purpose, pistons for another, 
so each wild creature from highest to 
lowest is provided with definite 
mechanisms — physical mechanisms — 
to cover every need which the crea- 
ture may have. Quite commonly sci- 
ence has discovered physical organs 
of an obscure nature in various forms 
of life which seem to have no known 
use. Science has simply never been 
able to discover how and in what 
combinations these physical mecha- 
nisms operate to make the impossible 
possible for wild creatures, or what 
natural phenomena bring influences 
to bear upon a creature's intricately 
sensitive physical equipment to es- 
tablish cause and effect. 


Undoubtedly, tremendous influ- 
ences are brought to bear by phe- 
nomena such as the cycles of the 
moon, barometric pressure, temper- 
ature, light rays of various types and 
intensities. But how? In most cases no 
one knows. Since I was a youngster 
I have been intrigued by a most pe- 
culiar occurrence among rabbits. As 
an example, last winter in my small 
village there was a cottontail living 
around our yard. We often saw his 

One morning we awoke to stare at 
our yard in astonishment. Over the 
entire area there was hardly a spot 
the size of my palm where a rabbit 
track failed to impress the snow. 
There were little trails where one or 
more rabbits had run back and forth, 
back and forth in a high frenzy of 
mysterious activity. A neighbor three 
blocks away said to me that morning, 
"You should see the rabbit tracks in 
our yard. It is simply covered with 
them!" I phoned several friends, out 
of curiosity, one of whom lived sev- 
eral miles away. Each reported the 
same phenomenon. Now I knew that 
we didn't have that many rabbits in 
our region, and I knew also that it 
doesn't take many rabbits to make a 
lot of tracks. So, what had they been 
up to? It was not breeding season in 
our rugged clime. There had been no 
appreciable weather change from bit- 
ter cold to warm, to bring them out. 
In fact, the night was colder than 
previous ones. What had caused this 
abandon of activity, which did not 
occur again all winter? It is an oc- 
currence that is known wherever 
rabbits exist. And it has never been 
logically explained, nor has any 
makeshift explanation ever come even 
close to positive proof. A natural in- 
fluence of great power brought to 
bear upon some specialized physical 
equipment of rabbits, to be sure — 
but what, and how? 

There are many comparable ac- 
tivities of wildlife just as impossible 
to explain. Every trout fisherman who 
has ever wet a boot knows the puz- 
zling phenomenon of the "feeding pe- 
riod." You are wading a stream, let 
us say, and you have tried every fly 
pattern in your possession without 
the slightest result. Trout habitually 
leap for insects on the surface or 
skimming the surface of a stream. 
"Hatches" of many of these aquatic 
insects, whose larvae are on the 
stream bed, take place when the water 
temperature is proper for them. 
Usually a good "hatch" means good 
fishing. But not today. Aquatic insects 
have been appearing in clouds from 
the stream surface, but not a fish is 

Then, suddenly, you see the swirl 

of a trout. Before you can cast to that 
swirl, there are a dozen more. You 
look downstream, upstream; the sur- 
face as far as you can see is literally 
alive with signs of feeding fish. This 
may occur at any time of the day, 
without fathomable rhyme or reason. 
If you could contact a fellow fisher- 
man 10 miles or more downstream or 
upstream, he would undoubtedly re- 
port that the same frenzied feeding 
was taking place where he was fish- 

Hurriedly you begin to cast. But 
your fly is not the one the fish want. 
You switch flies with trembling 
hands, trying to match with your fly 
pattern the insects the fish are taking. 
At last you have it. A strike. But be- 
fore you can cast again, the surface of 
the stream subsides into a placid, bar- 
ren mirror. Not a trout is rising. Not 
a single one for as far as you can see. 
Have they simply filled to bursting 
and stopped? But how could every 
single trout, large and small, have be- 
come exactly full at exactly the same 
moment? No, that won't explain it. 
Fishermen by millions, scientists by 
scores have been trying for centuries 
to explain this intriguing — and exas- 
perating — mystery of nature. The ex- 
planations are almost as diverse as 
the personalities of the theorists. 
Some say it is the effect of tidal pull, 
for the tidal effect is just as great in- 
land as at sea, even though we do not 
have visual evidence of it. But all 
such explanations are only guess- 
work. No one knows, and it seems 
very likely that no one ever will. 

Higher animals exhibit rather sim- 
ilar whims, which seem to have no 
reason whatever yet have such defi- 
nite overall direction that they leave 
the observer in a state of wonder. I 
was deer hunting one season in an 
area where the abundant deer had. 
not been molested at all by hunters. 
The area had a stream running 
through it, but this area, which we 
knew well and had often surveyed 
thoroughly, offered ample browse and 
perfect habitat conditions for deer on 
either side of the stream. In other 
words, there was no reason for a deer 
to choose, for comfort, food, or safety 
between the two sections. And there 
were animals in abundance on each 
side, to prove it. 

Our party split up. two of us taking 
stands on one side of the stream, two 
on the other. Since we were allowed 
to shoot bucks only, and since each 
of us wanted a good head, there was 
no indiscriminate shooting. In fact, 
for three days we sat on our high 
lookout points, watching the long flats 
and brushy valleys, and not a shot 
was fired. One day I began seeing 
many more deer than usual. And it 
slowly began to dawn upon me that 
something unusual was going on. 
They were all moving in the same 
direction: toward, and across, the 
stream. Not in a herd. Here, within 
a hundred yards of me, a doe and two 
fawns briskly walked toward the 
river, waded in, and crossed. A half 
mile away, through my binocular I 
(Continued on page 49) 

Illustrated by Eric N. Ericson 


Leon Paulette makes a minor adjustment on his tractor 
power lift. Its new features earned a U. S. patent. 


Inventor at 17 


Virginia Area Supervisor 

Vocational Agriculture 

the construction of a power lift with unusual and im- 
proved features led to the awarding of a U. S. patent to 
Leon Paulette of the Appomattox, Virginia, FFA Chapter, 
at the age of 17. The lift operates from the tractor power 
take-off by means of cables, and is covered by one of the 
two patents young Paulette has received. 

"We consider the power lift Leon's most outstanding 
development," says H. B. Peck, Instructor of Vocational 
Agriculture in the Appomattox High School. 

In addition, Leon planned and constructed for himself 
a pickup-type disc harrow, power post-hole digger, ma- 
nure loader, buck rake, tractor wagon, mechanical lift, 
road scraper and nearly 100 items of small equipment 
while still in his junior year of high school. Now you 
know why he was declared 1951 State and Regional Win- 
ner of the FFA Foundation Award for Farm Mechanics. 

Young Paulette enrolled in vocational agriculture in 
1948. His activities have not been limited to improved 
farm machinery, which he considers a means to an end. 
His major productive enterprise is swine. During 1951-52 
his farming program included seven purebred sows, three 
gilts, 12 pigs, and a boar. "My goal is to own 25 Duroc 
sows," Leon explains. 

His parents. Mr. and Mrs. S. R. Paulette, assign much 
of the credit for Leon's success to his training in voca- 
tional agriculture. "The regular classes did not allow time 
for all of the shop jobs he wanted to complete, so he often 
spent two or three evenings a week in the vo-ag shop," 
Mr. Paulette says. 

In addition to Future Farmer work, Leon found time 
to participate in school and community activities. A star 
end on his high school football team, he caught four passes 
for touchdowns on the Saturday night following his return 
from the National FFA Convention. 

During his final year in high school, he constructed a 
self-unloading trailer and a power unit. He also completed 
an 18 x 40 foot farrowing house. Upon graduation in June 
he joined the Appomattox Chapter of the Young Farmers 
of Virginia. The home farm, which he operates in partner- 
ship with his father, is being enlarged through lease of 
additional land in order to allow for expansion since Leon 
plans to devote full time to farming. 

t - t 

The new power lift operates on any tractor. Here Leon 
is loading hay with the lift and buck rake attachment. 

Leon makes a weld on an automatic waterer for swine. He 
has won many blue ribbons on his purebred Duroc hogs. 


... as an added -feature of your magazine, we present 
here and on the succeeding pages a series of articles 
related to farm mechanics as— THIS ISSUE'S SPECIAL. 

.V— ■■- 


The power post-hole digger, above, makes a once-dreaded job look easy. 
Leon made the digger from the rear axle of an old car and old disk blades. 

* ; * w **^'*-^ fc *Tiwnfi«fei 

Young Paulette made still further use of the winch by making another labor 
saver — a tractor-operated manure loader. Here he demonstrates its use. 


Leon Paulette, above, is showing how his pickup-type disk harrow operates. 
He made the harrow in his vo-ag shop from old disks and scrap metal. 



Ed Reser, Walla Walla, Washington, received 
the top award in farm mechanics for 1952. 

Perhaps you've wondered how 
to become an award-winning 

farm mechanic. Can you re- 

build a truck? Make new ma- 

chinery from old? Overhaul a 

tractor or build a barn? . . • 

Then, perhaps, you have . • • 

The Makings of a Winner 

ED RESER is an eighteen-year-old 
Future Farmer who lives with, his 
folks on a wheat and livestock farm 
in Walla Walla. Washington. By put- 
ting to work all the knowledge he has 
gained from his studies in vo-ag farm 
mechanics training, Ed has been able 
to construct a wide variety of useful 
farm equipment and machinery. 

By employing his automotive 
knowledge. Ed has been able to com- 
pletely overhaul and rebuild trucks 
and tractors. 

When the time came for the Resers 
to construct a new home, Ed pitched 


Staff Writer 

in and helped . . . more than did his 
share of the work. In addition, he 
assisted in erecting a huge new beef 
cattle barn, and also a new farrowing 
house for swine. 

One of his most noteworthy con- 
struction accomplishments is a "farm 
hand" which was built in the local 
school farm shop under the super- 
vision and guidance of his vo-ag in- 
structor, E. E. Kantola. In reality, 
the "'farm hand" is a hydraulically 
operated buck rake which Ed has 
ingeniously mounted on an old truck 
chassis. Ed drives the machine into 

the hayfield, slides the fork under a 
load of hay, and. by operating the 
hydraulic apparatus, lifts the hay off 
the ground. Then it can be hauled 
any distance to the mow or stack. 
The machine has been valued at well 
over seven hundred dollars. 

Ed built a garden tractor that has 
proven to be a very valuable piece 
of equipment. An eight-horsepower 
motor and old automobile parts went 
into what was to be a garden tractor 
. . . but it turned out to be a machine 
that has been used for any number 
of small power jobs around the farm. 

Ed owns a small herd of registered Ed helped with the construction of The "farm hand" mounted on an old 
Shorthorns. He has shown two grand the new beef barn, and the 20-unit truck is operated by Ed to put up 
champion steers at the Spokane Show. farrowing house in the background. most of the hay on the Reser farm. 





:■ " » -;.*.:,• ,*;•";<' i .,'.r- 
A garden tractor that Ed made in his home farm shop. 


A view of the neat and well improved Reser farmstead. 

A "farm runabout" for quick trips 

and light hauling was constructed 

from a Model T Ford frame, eight- 

• cylinder Pontiac motor, and parts 

from different types of cars and trucks. 

The Resers have a large, well- 
equipped farm shop in one - of the 
old barns, and Ed was given the 
responsibility of improving the build- 
ing and rearranging the equipment for 
more efficient usage. He poured a new 
concrete floor and built work benches, 
tool cabinets, and bins for storage. Ed 
has learned to use all the equipment 
in the shop including the power drills. 

forge, lathe, electric and acetylene 
welders, and hand tools. 

Besides greasing, servicing, and do- 
ing the minor repair work on the 
farm's trucks and tractors, Ed has 
completely overhauled some of them 
and has rebuilt a pickup truck. He 
knows how to operate the heavy die- 
sel tractors, combine, and other ma- 
chinery used on the farm. 

When the family started a farm- 
stead improvement plan. Ed helped 
with the construction work on the 
new house, barn, and farrowing house. 
In addition, he built a panel fence 

around the yard, set up an automatic 
watering system for the lawn, and 
installed labor-saving gates and stalls 
and automatic waterer for livestock 
in the barn. 

Young Reser was an officer in the 
Walla Walla Chapter and won Wash- 
ington's Star State Farmer Award in 
1951. He is establishing a herd of 
registered Shorthorn cattle and has 
exhibited two grand champion steers 
at the Spokane Junior Livestock 
Show. . . . 

And, by the way. Ed received the 
1952 National Farm Mechanics Award. 

busy welder 


fred ratliff has converted his vo-ag training in welding 
into comfortable security. Fred, a graduate of Coast 
Union High at Cambria, California, is now the owner of 
one of San Luis Obispo County's foremost welding and 
machine shops. 

His former classmates remember Fred as a young 
master at welding machinery for farmers in the high 
school area, and, today, local ranchers are strong in their 
praise of the hard work, honesty, and common sense of 
this personable young man. Whenever fast, efficient serv- 
ice is needed, whether it be welding irrigation pipe or 
tractor parts, he gets the job. 

Upon graduation from high school in 1942. Fred went 
directly into the Army and served as a mechanic. Back 
as a civilian in 1946, he went to work in his brother-in- 
law's shop in San Luis Obispo. Six months later, he 
bought out his brother-in-law and established himself in 
partnership with Frank Love, a top-notch machinist. 
Together Fred and Frank built up a prosperous business 
in the city. In 1948, Fred purchased his partner's share in 
the shop and began to cater to a countywide string of 

Six days a week, 10 to 12 hours a day, Fred can be 
found either working busily in his shop or traveling to 

farms and ranches within a 3.000 square mile area. In the 
machine-filled shop, you will find a wide variety of work 
from all over this territory . . . work ranging from horse 
trailers to commercial bread racks. 

A prosperous and growing business with machinery 
valued at over S10.000, a fine family and new home, many 
satisfied customers and friends . . . these are the securities 
that Fred Ratliff enjoys today. And. as he says, it all 
started with vo-ag welding work. 

Fred Ratliff divides his time between his shop and 
ranches within a three-thousand-square-mile area. 


The Wenigs are remodeling an old barn on a farm they bought recently. 

An FFA Family in Action 


Assistant Editor, The Ohio Farmer 

few families can claim three state 
farmers and also have one boy with 
the coveted honor of American Farm- 
er. This, feat has been accomplished 
by three sons of a former teacher of 
vocational agriculture now farming 
in Marion County, Ohio. 

This unusual accomplishment did 
not get its start when the sons of 
C. H. Wenig enrolled in vocational 
agriculture at Meeker High School. 
No, the story goes back much farther 
than that. It goes back to the year 
1929 when C. H. Wenig, then a teacher 
of vocational agriculture at Coshoc- 
ton, took a judging team to the Ohio 
State Fair. 

He stopped to chat with a farm 
real estate agent and asked if there 
were any farms for sale in his native 
Wood County. However, the agency 
had a farm listed with nice looking 
buildings in Marion County. The 


agriculture teacher liked the appear- 
ance of the buildings and with his 
wife made a trip to look at the farm. 
He purchased the acreage, resigned 
his teaching position, and has been 
farming at Maplehurst farm ever 
since. C. H. said, "It was pretty rough 
at first and sometimes I wished I was 
back teaching. But we weathered 
through the winter." 

Over a period of years four boys 
became a part of the Wenig house- 
hold. They were Henry, Dwight, 
George and Ralph. Two years sep- 
arate one from the next. Henry, the 
eldest, is 22 and Ralph, the youngest, 
is 16. All have taken vocational agri- 
culture under Burdette Hunter, now 
in his tenth year at Meeker High. 
The youngest son, Ralph, is a junior 
and is pointing toward the State 
Farmer Degree. His three elder broth- 
ers received the honor while high 

school juniors and it's a good bet 
Ralph will do likewise. 

The oldest boy, Henry, is a senior at 
Ohio State University and will grad- 
uate in agricultural engineering next 
March. Dwight and George are farm- 
ing with their father in Marion 

During their high school days the 
Wenig boys had a great interest in 
farm shop work. This interest was 
kindled by their father in a shop on 
the home farm. They've built a wagon, 
machinery trailer, grain elevator, two 
tractors, and do all their own repair 
work. You can bet that a lot of fine 
instruction in shop work has come 
from dad. The three oldest boys, 
Henry, Dwight, and George, have been 
named Regional Winners of the Farm 
Mechanics Award. 

The Wenig boys have received a 
good boost on their way to becoming 

farmers. And all expect to farm for 
themselves in the future. When they 
started to high school, dad provided 
the money to finance their projects. 
They paid him back the loan and put 
the profit back into their farming 

The home farm consists of 273 acres, 
and Wenig owns an additional 280 
acres. Another 210 acres are rented, 
50 acres of which are for pasture. 
This past spring 200 acres were pur- 
chased three miles from the home 
farm. Wenig said, "They got only 
$450 off the farm last year, but we'll 
get more this year than they've gotten 
in the last ten." The badly run down 
farm buildings are being re-modeled, 
and Dwight, with his recent bride of 
August, Mildred, a local farm girl, 
will move to the farm. All the boys 
wielded a hammer along with their 
father in making improvements on 
the house. Even Dwight's wife, Mil- 
dred, proved to be a handy carpenter. 

Dwight — the second oldest — has 
been the outstanding award getter in 
the Wenig family. In addition to re- 
ceiving the Regional Mechanics Award 
in Ohio and the State Farmer Degree, 
he was also made an American Farmer 
at the 1952 National FFA Convention 
at Kansas City. There to see him re- 
ceive the honor were his wife and his 

He was Ohio's Star State Farmer 
in 1950. With this honor went $100 
from the Future Farmers Foundation. 
During his junior and senior years 
in high school he was a member of 
the National Honor Society and in 
1950 was one of 22 boys from the 
United States and Hawaii to be 
granted a National Popsicle Award 
for outstanding achievement and 
leadership. With it went a $100 bond, 
a medal and a certificate signed by 
Baseball Pitcher Bob Feller. The 
following year he was one of two out 
of the 22 to be given a college schol- 
arship. This was to Syracuse Uni- 

By the time he finished high school, 
Dwight's farming program had grown 
to include 200 market lambs, 10 acres 
of corn, 10 acres of wheat, one sow 
and litter, 18 acres of oats. 20 acres 
of red clover hay and 10 acres of soy- 
beans. He has been cash renting 80 
acres, but will take over the 200 acres 
his father recently purchased and 
farm it on halves. 

Henry, the oldest, has used his proj- 
ect earnings to further his education 
at Ohio State University. While at 
school he works part-time in a fac- 
tory. Every March he's back at the 
farm to help with the spring and 
summer work, and thus earn more 
money to meet college expenses. Part 
of his income comes from a hay baler, 
used for custom work, which he owns 

Dwight Wenig likes Western lambs best for feeding. Th 

shown here were bought last October and will 

soon go to market. 

in partnership with Brother Dwight 
and his father. Henry also owns a 
tractor. In addition, the Wenigs do 
custom silo filling, and combining. 
Information Henry picks up at col- 
lege is put into practice back home 
on the farm. 

Steers have been introduced to 
Maplehurst Farm since the Wenig 
boys started in vo-ag work. Last year 
52 head were fed out. This year they 
have 30 more. Ralph has a half inter- 
est in 10 and George a half interest 
in another 10, with dad owning the 

George was also a member of the 
National Honor Society in his junior 
and senior years in high school. He, 
as did each of his older two brothers, 
served as president of the Meeker 
FFA Chapter. 

Even with their large farming pro- 
grams the boys have had time for 
other activities. George and Ralph 
played basketball and all the boys 
played Softball. They are all grange 
members and have been active in the 
Methodist youth group. 

There's probably not one person in 
that Wenig family that has thought 
more highly of the honors received 
than the mother and former agricul- 
ture teacher father. The keen interest 
in boys and the work of the FFA has 
stuck with Wenig. He started his 
boys at working in the home farm 
shop and gave them an outstanding 
chance to get started in farming. Work 
at the farm was not so pressing but 
what he and Mrs. Wenig could make 
a trip to the state FFA convention 
to see two of the boys receive the 

State Farmer Degree. 

The elder Wenig in commenting 
enthusiastically on his recent trip to 
the National FFA Convention in Kan- 
sas City said, "Those boys at the 
National Convention can really handle 
a meeting. They do a better job than 
the officers at a state meeting of an 
organization I belong to." He has 
aided the local Meeker FFA Chapter 
in transporting boys to state events. 
And the boys think highly of him. 
They have made him an honorary 
member of their chapter. Hardly a 
summer goes by but what a couple of 
his old ag boys, some now teachers 
and extension agents, stop in to see 

A high tribute is in order not only 
to the Wenig boys who have accom- 
plished great things in FFA work, 
but to a father who has given of his 
time and energy to see that four boys 
had a good chance to get started in 

George Wenig welds in the shop. 
Three Wenigs have been Regional 
Farm Mechanics Award winners. 




The FFA Supply Service is located on the site of the National FFA Camp near Alexandria, Va. 


Staff Writer 

Into Box 1180, Alexandria, Virginia, 
flow thousands of orders each year for 
official FFA merchandise — orders for 
items from jackets to blankets, bill- 
folds to paper plates, bookends to 
metal signs. 

These and many more articles are 
carried by the official supply center of 
the FFA — the Future Farmers Supply 
Service — located on the site of the 
National Camp and operated by the 
National FFA organization. 

Most Future Farmers have submit- 
ted orders to the Supply Service, but 

Orders being taken by Lemaster Chap- 
ter's Treasurer, Richard Lamaster. 

few know how they are filled, so let's 
trace an actual order from its start to 

Each year at the beginning of the 
school term, the Service sends the vo- 
cational agriculture teachers a catalog 
of the items available in its stockroom 
or through companies on contract. 

When vo-ag teacher James Wilson 
(Lemaster, Pennsylvania) received 
his new catalog, he posted it in front 
of the classroom. The boys in his de- 
partment glanced through it and made 
their selections. Measurements were 
taken for jackets; and, in each class, 
a boy took up the orders and money, 
which he turned over to the Chapter 
Treasurer, Richard Lamaster. 

On one of the catalog order blanks, 
Richard ordered neckties, an FFA 
songs record, mechanical pencils, 
identification bracelets, membership 
cards, jackets, and a sweetheart com- 
pact and pearl pendant. 

Several days after being mailed, the 
order arrived at Box 1180. From there, 
it came to the desk of the Supply 
Service's Chief Clerk, Catherine 
Echard, then on to the Order Depart- 

ment. There, Jean Hanson, one of the 
girls in the Department, typed an 
acknowledgment card for the order 
on which she gave the approximate 
shipping dates for the merchandise. 

Then she typed two Supply Service 
purchase orders — one for the items 
handled through the stockroom and 
another for the jacket manufacturer. 
They were checked for accuracy by 
JoAnne Grimes and placed with the 
growing pile of other orders. Buddy 
Watson brought the stack over to the 
stockroom, where Jim Arnold filled 
the order for Supply Service items 
and put the jacket order with the 
others being mailed to the company 
that day. Jackets are a very popular 
item (more than 50,000 were sold in 
1952), and each day a large number 
of orders are sent to the manufac- 

After the day's packages had been 
wrapped, Harry Andrews, Sales Man- 
ager for the Service, took them to the 
Alexandria Post Office. Within a few 
days, the stockroom items arrived at 
the vocational agriculture department; 
and, within three weeks, the jackets 


were sent from the manufacturer. In- 
cidentally, the boys of the Lemaster 
Chapter were quite pleased with the 
merchandise. In fact, several Future 
Farmers without jackets decided that, 
next time an order is made up, their 
names would be on the list. 

Behind this procedure lies an or- 
ganization that has grown from a 
small start in the spring of 1948 into 
a prosperous business. Each year, sales 
volume of the Service continues to 
climb, and, in 1952, business increased 
approximately 20 percent over the 
preceding year. 

Keeping pace with the volume of 
business, the staff of the service has 
grown in five years from a manager 
and secretary to 18 permanent em- 
ployees, with seven or eight girls 
added from September to January — 
the rush period. 

The Supply Service is just what the 
name implies — a service for the Fu- 
ture Farmers. It is their organization — 
operated on a low markup, with a fair 
percentage of net profits turned back 
to each state association according to 
the value of its members' purchases. 
The money turned back to the state 
associations is in the form of a grant. 

Behind the Service stands the Na- 
tional Board of Directors and the 
Board of Student Officers of the FFA. 
All official merchandise must be ap- 
proved by them — all Service policies 
determined by them. 

Between meetings of these national 
bodies, a Supply Service Committee, 
composed of three members of the 
Board of Directors, acts on Service 

Though these boards make the final 
decision on merchandise, everyone 
takes a hand in suggesting new items 
for the Service to carry. Future Farm- 
ers, teachers, and officers of state as- 
sociations write in about what they 
would like to see in the catalog. 

After the suggestion has been 
evaluated, the cost of the item and the 
potential interest in it are determined. 
Mr. Edward Hawkins, Manager of the 

■ M 


T/ ■ « v • 

Harry Andrews, Supply Service Sales 
Manager, picking up the day's mail. 

Copies of the orders being checked 
and filed in the Bookkeeping Depf. 

Processing of Lemaster orders in the 
Supply Service's Order Department. 

Getting stockroom items on the or- 
ders wrapped and ready for shipment. 

Supply Service, gets bids and samples 
of merchandise, and the Supply Serv- 
ice Committee checks the material ior 
quality. If the item is expensive to 
produce, inquiries are sent to the state 
offices to find out the anticipated 
volume of sales. Their response plays 
an important part in deciding whether 
the item will be carried. If there will 
be enough demand, the article is sub- 

mitted to the Boards for final ap- 

The Supply Service is run along the 
lines of a regular wholesale-retail 
business firm. Current prices and costs 
are watched closely, and estimates are 
made on the popularity of each item 
so sufficient quantities can be pur- 

(Continued on page 55) 

One of the packages will go to Lemaster, Pennsylvania — 
another to an FFA jacket manufacturer in Van Wert, Ohio. 

Chapter Advisor James Wilson and the Lemaster Future 
Farmers seem quite happy about receiving the jackets. 





Directing the activities of 21,600 North Carolina mem- 
bers — second largest state organization — this year are 
five outstanding young farm boys. Left to right: Harold 
Lineberger. President of the Dallas Chapter: Dalton Elks, 
Vice President, of the Chocowinity Chapter; Ralph Mas- 
sey. Secretary, of the Reidsville Chapter; Roger Hill, 
Treasurer, of the Pink Hill Chapter; and Homer Barton, 
Reporter, of the North Mecklenburg Chapter. North Caro- 
lina has a total of 438 FFA Chapters in 98 of its 100 



Don Meusch, Treasurer of the Atkinson, Nebraska, 
FFA Chapter, presents his chapter's check for $25 to 
Ernest Gotschall, Chairman of the Grassland Research 
Committee, as FFA Advisor Laurence Lang and County 
Agent A. Neil Dawes look on. 

The Grassland Research Committee raised S5.000 to 
supplement funds furnished by the Experiment Station 
at the University of Nebraska for a research program to 
determine the effect of commercial fertilizers on meadows 
and pastures in the famous Sandhills of Nebraska. 

In addition to contributing money, FFA boys are help- 
ing in the project by applying fertilizer to various plots, 
studying the results, recording results from the harvest, 
and analyzing grass plots. 

(The National FUTURE FARMER will pay $5 for each black 
and white picture, with information, used on this page. Ten 
dollars will be paid for color pictures used. Pictures not vised 
will be returned if the writer so indicates.) 


Willis Sanders, of the Escalon. California, FFA Chap- 
ter, is shown here receiving the first prize trophy which 
his chapter won in the annual FFA horticultural exhibits 
at the California State Fair. Willis was top point-winning 
member of the team. Making the presentation, which was 
awarded by the American Can Company, is C. J. Carey, 
of the State Department of Agriculture. H. F. Chappel 
(second left), in charge of FFA activities at the fair, and 
J. J. Mattelaro, an advisor of the Escalon Chapter, watch 
the presentation. 


Spanish Fork FFA Chapter member Burton Nelson is 
shown above receiving the gold trophy he recently won 
by exhibiting the champion bird in the Utah Chicken 
to Tomorrow Contest. Douglas Clark, also of the Spanish 
Fork Chapter, was second place winner of the show; and 
third place went to Bill Peterson, son of vo-ag instructor 
E. Smith Peterson of Salina. Kenneth Gurney, of the 
Salina FFA Chapter, was state winner in the New York 
dressed bird class. 


Warded : 

Ag Journalists 


Head, Agricultural Journalism 
California State Polytechnic College 

this year only a few — a pitifully few — farm boys are 
going to be training for a field in which they stand head 
and shoulders above everybody else. 

Agricultural journalism offers farm youth a powerful 
opportunity to influence many thousands of people — 
rural and urban — toward better farming and better living. 
Yet, many a farm boy has ignored the possibilities of 
journalism simply because he thought he had to be a 
Louis Bromfield to succeed. If he didn't make "A" in his 
English, he figured he'd get an "F" in journalism. Let's 
get rid of that fallacy right now. 

It is true that any boy who wants to be a journalist 
should know how to use English reasonably well. He 
should be able to describe things and relate events so 
that others can picture what he has seen and experience 
what he has felt. 

But for ag journalism, he should do it simply. The boy 
who can write a letter from the county fair and make his 
girl wish she were there or the boy who can write such 
a report on his vo-ag project that, even if he's not on 
hand to read it, the other fellows will understand the 
entire procedure could probably become a competent 
agricultural writer. 

There's nothing fancy about ag journalism. It is a 
practical, simple method of giving information, making 
suggestions, retailing ideas. 

One of the most important requirements is that a boy 
like farming and farm people. Along with this, he should 
like to dig out facts, to keep on the inside track of new 
developments, and to talk with every type of individual. 

Ag journalism isn't just writing. There are important 
positions for which writing is not a prerequisite. The boy 
who knows farming and likes selling could specialize in 
advertising, promotion, merchandising, circulation. 

Farm journals desperately need men with such training 
plus a knowledge of agriculture. So do rural papers and 
the big city dailies. One metropolitan newspaper looked 
for almost two years before it recently found a suitable 
agricultural director, and I know of at least two others 
that are still looking. 

These same opportunities exist in radio and television. 
Many stations are putting a premium on writers, program 
directors, announcers, and time salesmen with agricul- 
tural background. 

There are many trade journals in the farm field — - 
Implement Record, Seed World, Fertilizer Digest for ex- 
ample — and over a hundred breed journals constantly on 
the lookout for ag journalists. 

Agricultural associations and cooperatives offer edi- 
torial and promotional jobs handling publications and 


membership affairs. Advertising agencies merchandising 
farm or allied products need copy writers and account 
men who know agriculture. An increasing number of 
fairs and expositions are providing year-round promotion 
and public relations positions. And don't forget that the 
state and Federal government services need information 

Does an ag journalist actually need an ag journalism 
major in college? Can he succeed with a major in a 
straight ag field and an ag journalism minor? Your choice 
depends on your abilities and plans based on a discussion 
with the dean or department head of the school you wish 
to attend. At Cal Poly, we have students doing both. In 
general, for the student planning only four years of col- 
lege, we recommend an ag journalism major (our ag 
journalists take about one-fourth of their work in ag 
courses, any way). For the boy willing to spend around 
four and a half years, we often recommend a double 
major of ag journalism and straight ag. For the student 
who hasn't selected another agricultural field, we advise 
animal husbandry as the most useful second major for 
men expecting to work in the West. 

What high school subjects are needed? In addition to 
the standard subjects, all the agriculture. English, and 
public speaking possible. Typing is also an essential. And 
while it's not necessary, the journalist with shorthand 
has a mighty potent ace up his sleeve. 

Is it worth all the time and trouble? Not long ago. Texas 
A. and M.'s Agricultural Journalism Department made a 
nationwide survey of schools offering this type of training 
and found the demand for graduates far exceeded the 
supply. During the past year, for example. Oklahoma 
A. and M. had only five ag journalists to fill 20 openings. 
Kansas State had a ratio of 50 to seven, and other col- 
leges faced similar shortages. 

From the beginning, American agriculture has suffered 
from its lack of "trained voices." Too often agriculture 
has been at the mercy of those who knew and cared 
little about it. In this time of constantly higher food costs, 
greater consumer resentment, more taxation, wider sub- 
urban infiltration of rural areas, and stronger pressure 
blocs, it is most important that agriculture find its 
"trained voices" to help knit our nation closer together 
in rural-urban understanding. 

". . . Unc skidded along on his belly, then turned clean over and crashed down through the brush. 




I was visiting my Uncle Neb, out 
in Washington State, when I ran into 
the herd of bears. You'll say that 
bears don't come in herds, like cows, 
or maybe buffalo. They do out around 
Uncle Neb's sawmill in the blue- 
misted mountains of the Olympic 

Uncle Neb's sawmill was a small 
outfit, employing a half dozen lanky, 
bearded men, snugged down in a nar- 
row valley along the Skokomish River. 
The whine of its saws drifted over the 
darkly forested hills, where vine 
maple and fern bracken were entwined 
with fir and hemlock to build an al- 
most impenetrable jungle wall about 
it. Prairie-reared as I was, I loved to 
loiter around the mill, scenting the 
sweet pungency of newly sawn timber. 

Uncle Neb was a great kidder, a 
little man with a twinkle in his blue 
eyes, a cut of Climax tobacco always 
in one cheek, and long gray whiskers 
that he had to part when he ate. At 
supper every evening, no matter what 
was served, he'd look across at Aunt 
Sarah, fork poised, and say, "I'm get- 
ting hungry for some right down-to- 
the-earth bear meat. I reckon I'll go 
up the swale a piece one of these eve- 
nings and bore me down a bear with 
my hawg rifle." 

He'd look slyly at me out of the 
corners of his eyes. 

"Bear meat, son," he'd declare, "is 
even better than cougar. Soon as the 
blackberries are ripe on the mountain 
I'll be after some, sure as you're born." 

Aunt Sarah would smile in that 
half-tired, kindly way she had, and 
her eyes would shine behind her 
spectacles, as though she too was en- 
joying the joke. Back home on the 
ranch the cowboys were great kidders, 

so I knew that I was being told what 
we call a circular story, which goes 
around and around and comes out no- 

"Sure, Unc," I'd say. "I'll go up and 
get one myself when the blackberries 
are ripe." 

"You do that, son," Unc would wink 
at Aunt Sarah. "You just do that. But 
be sure you're man enough to chaw 
your terbaccer before you start out." 

The sawmill was a hard master for 
Uncle Neb, not giving him the time 
during the week to spend with me on 
my vacation. On Sundays the old fel- 
low liked to rest his weary, rheumatic 
bones in the hammock under the apple 
trees, while he told me tall tales of 
his past exploits. I liked him better 
than any relative I had. 

It was along toward the latter part 
of August, about the time I was due 
to go back home to start school again, 
when I noticed that the blackberries 
were ripening fast along the river, 
hanging there in black, glistening pro- 
fusion. I thought of Uncle Neb's liking 
for bear meat, not having any idea if 
it was good to eat or not. or if Unc 
had really ever eaten any. I didn't 
think that there was any game in this 
country, for I'd not seen any since my 
arrival. At home one saw game almost 
at every step — rabbits, sage hens, 
coyotes and such. Here a person only 
saw little chipmunks, tiny, gray birds 
that walked in the water along the 
river, and maybe a crow calling from 
the top of a big fir. lonesome like. 
Still, it would be adventure to climb 
up the mountain in the direction Uncle 
Neb always nodded when he talked of 
bears. I just might see one, and there 
were several guns hanging on the wall 
of the living room. 

Illustrated by Eric N. Ericson 

Aunt Sarah was down in the garden, 
picking late peas for our supper, when 
I called to her from the house that I 
was going bear hunting. She straight- 
ened, thrust a tendril of straight, gray 
hair behind her ear, smiled and waved 
back, and I wondered if she'd really 
heard what I had said. I looked at the 
guns on the wall, wondering which 
one was Unc's hawg rifle. I had a 
single shot twenty-two at home, and 
I knew a person didn't hunt bears 
with such, nor with the double- 
barreled shotgun with the hammers 
and the fancy design on the barrels. 
Way up on top. draped over deer 
horns, was a familiar weapon. Father 
had used one of these as a youngster 
in the Shattuck Military Academy in 
Minnesota. He had one like it. and 
often showed me how he used to drill 
with it. 

"Hump. two. three, four." Father 
would roar, standing as stiff as a 
ramrod, beads of perspiration shining 
on his bald head as he went through 
the motions of throwing open the 
breech block, snapping his hand- to an 
imaginary cartridge container at his 
belt, ramming the cartridge in the 
breech, snapping the breech block 
shut, aiming and pulling the trigger. 
When he did this he'd yell at the top 
of his voice. "Load. aim. fire! Fix 
bayonets! Charge!" 

Father had the blouse of his uniform 
from the Shattuck Military Academy, 
powder blue, covered with black braid 
in intricate design. He couldn't get his 
big shoulders in it any more, though 
he tried. The blouse was too large for 
me. but I'd get into it and try to 
imitate my father, marching about the 
room with the long rifle, yelling. 
(Continued on page 56) 



The Highest 

Oklahoma FFA Executive Secretary 

Checking sale plans are division superintendents Tommy 
Ratliff, Walter Volz, Ronald Hodges, and Jimmy Rogers. 

knowing how to put on a success- 
ful show and sale is all part of the 
requirements to get a grade in voca- 
tional agriculture for the FFA boys 
in the Fort Cobb, Oklahoma, Chapter. 

John Kusel, local advisor since 
1938, insists that every boy know how 
to handle a show and sale before he 
graduates. After all, 39 of the 45 mem- 
bers of the Caddo County Shorthorn 
Breeders Association are former Fort 
Cobb FFA boys — and four of the 
remaining six have had sons in the 
FFA. Kusel reasons that since the 
registered cattle business — an impor- 
tant enterprise of the community — 
hinges on good auction sales, he could 
find no better problem to teach. 

Last year Kenneth Repp, Chapter 
President, was general superintendent 
of the show and sale, and all the divi- 
sion superintendents were Future 
Farmers. Kusel stays in the back- 
ground, while the boys do all the 
planning and handling of the shows 
and sales. 

Since the chapter owns all the 
facilities, the members are not charged 
commission fees of any kind. In fact, 
no one is paid for his work, not even 
the auctioneer. 

The boys have owned and operated 
their show and sale barns since 1941, 
and they have steadily added to the 
plant since that time. With help from 
Fort Cobb businessmen, they staged 
a big barbecue, and sold tickets to it 
to finance their first buildings. The 
boys did the construction work them- 

In later years, proceeds from a 
town carnival were given to the Fu- 
ture Farmers to add to their facilities. 
Cash required for the show and sale 
arena was provided by the Caddo 
County Shorthorn Breeders. 


The plant, now valued at $15,000, 
contains a 60 x 48 foot inside arena 
with comfortable seating for 400 peo- 
ple. The hog and beef barns, crops 
and farm women's club buildings 
cover another 120 x 160 feet. 

When the boys are getting ready 
for a sale, they start making plans 
weeks in advance. Everything is 
planned down to the smallest detail. 
They miss no bets — from seeing that 
the arena is clean and filled with 
fresh dirt, to issuing three types of 
invitations to prospective buyers. 

Established buyers (ones who have 
bought stock in the past) get an in- 
vitation by letter which thanks the 
buyer for his past support, and gives 
him the dates of the upcoming sale. 

Prospective new buyers get a letter 
outlining the program in more detail 
and assuring them of a hearty wel- 
come to the sale and show. 

Those who may be buyers in the 
future, but who have not indicated 
they plan to buy at this sale, get a 
still more detailed letter which gives 


"See that guy that just passed? 1 
sold him his car." 

them some of the history of the chap- 
ter, how the sale has grown, and what 
it means to the boys to have the sup- 
port and encouragement of the busi- 
nessmen. Each boy is required to in- 
vite three businessmen to the show 
and sale. 

The boys have a pre-show the day 
before the gates are open to the pub- 
lic. This is a ''dry-run" just to make 
sure the "machinery" is well oiled 
and the exhibitors know how to show 
their animals. 

The day of the sale the chapter 
has a big feed for the buyers. Parents 
of the FFA boys bring in the food 
from home. The feed starts at 6:30 
on the dot, stock are paraded at 7:00 
p.m. and the sale starts promptly at 
8:00. The boys have the system down 
to where the sale is over by 9:00. 

When a prospective buyer arrives 
at the sale, an FFA boy is his guide. 
He sees that the buyer gets his plate 
piled high with steak, fried chicken, 
farm-made pie and cake. Then he 
sees that the man gets his favorite 
cigar and a good seat close to the ring. 
Kusel remembers the first year he 
tried out the system. When the dinner 
bell rang the FFA boys rushed the 
chow line and by the time they got 
through there wasn't anything left 
for the buyers. That taught the boys 
a lesson they'll never forget. Now 
everything is pointed to keeping the 
buyer super-happy. 

When a buyer gets ready to buy, 
a boy hands him an official FFA pencil 
wrapped in a blank check. The buyer 
returns the signed check and keeps 
the pencil. "There are a lot of men 
around here with FFA pencils that 
cost them a lot of money," Kusel 

The Glarinda boys really know how to work for the extras. 
They proved this when they got together and built . . . 

A Chapter House 

Staff Writer 

For more than a decade the Brokaw 
FFA Chapter of Clarinda, Iowa, has 
enjoyed the advantages of a Chapter 
House. There are thousands of build- 
ings for vocational agriculture, but 
not nearly so many devoted to the 
"extras" that go with the FFA. 

In the words of Advisor Neil E. 
Johnston, "The Clarinda Chapter 
House has rather complete indoor 
recreational material now, all sorts of 
visual aid material, and is the one 
place in the school system, and for 
that matter in the town, which the 
rural boys can claim for their own. 

"Under normal day-to-day use, 

girls are as foreign to the Chapter 
House as they are to the boy's locker 
room in the gym ... it is a place the 
boys are proud to bring their friends 
on special occasions ... it is doubtful 
if the FFA work could have continued 
here if the building had not been 
built. . ." 

The main recreation room is 22 : 2 
x 33 1- 2 feet. A large stone fireplace is 
located at the east end, shuffleboard 
courts have been designed in the floor. 
and in the center are two full-sized 
ping-pong tables. 

The building did not come as manna 
from heaven for the boys. They did 

all the woodwork, mixed all the con- 
crete, and provided a lot of the other 
labor through exchange arrangements. 
Besides, they contributed some money 
of their own. raised by putting pure- 
bred gilts out on shares, and growing 
potatoes on shares. 

While the SI. 700 the school board 
put into the project was a lot more 
than it seems today, stdl it is the fac- 
tual evidence that the Clarinda boys 
wanted a Chapter House — and did 
something about it. 

They are now using it for classroom 
work, too . . . but they don't mind, be- 
cause — "That's on a temporary basis." 




By M. E. WHITE, Staff Writer 

Boys from this chapter have won first place in 
every competitive activity on a state level 

Milton Westgard, Chairman of Rugby's 
Safety Committee, explains his fuel 
storage set-up to Advisor Ericlcson. 

ocated at the exact geograph- 
ical center of North America 
is one of. the outstanding FFA 
chapters of the country. This chapter 
has the distinction not only of being 
in the geographical center of this con- 
tinent, but also of being in the center 
of the bread basket of America. Rug- 
by, North Dakota, is an important 
agricultural area, and the Rugby FFA 
Chapter is an important organization 
in the area. 

The boys in the Rugby Chapter 
exemplify the progressiveness for 
which North Dakota is noted. Quali- 
ties of leadership, cooperation, and 
good business sense which have en- 
abled North Dakota to achieve a high- 
ly developed system of cooperatives 
are easily recognizable in the boys 
of the Rugby FFA Chapter. 

Two American Farmer Awards have 
gone to Rugby boys, and since 1945 
about one in every four of the State 

Farmers has been from this chapter. 
For five straight years, the Rugby 
Chapter won first place in the State 
Public Speaking Contest. Between 
1944 and 1952. boys from this chapter 
have won first place in every competi- 
tive activity on a state level. 

In 1951, the chapter went all out 
for a realistic safety program for their 
community, their school, and their 
homes. Their efforts were nationally 
recognized, when they won the FFA 
Farm Safety Contest. But whether 
they had won or not, the time and 
thought the boys put into their safety 
program made it individually reward- 
ing not only for the present but for 
a whole lifetime. 

Putting reflector tape on farm im- 
plements that might be on the roads 
at night, publicizing the need for farm 
safety by plays, pamphlets, and talks 
■ — these and literally hundreds of 
other safety activities were enthusi- 


astically entered into by the boys 
under the guidance of their equally 
enthusiastic chapter advisor, Don 

Finding the time for so many safety 
promotion activities seems difficult 
enough, but the Rugby boys went 
even farther. They conducted an ex- 
tensive survey of 496 farms, checking 
from every conceivable angle the 
safety features of the individual farms. 
From the ground to the chimney, they 
looked at each farm with one ques- 
tion in mind: "How safe is it?" Ashes, 
oily rags, lightning rods, exhaust pipes, 
plowed firebreaks, harnesses, sewage 
disposal units, and fuse boxes all 
came in for their share as the boys 
prowled around, with the full coop- 
eration of the farmers of the area, 
who have learned to sit up and take 
notice when the Rugby FFA gets 
started on a project. 

Out of their experiences in the field 
of farm safety promotion, the chapter 
has developed a handbook, available 
to all FFA chapters, which gives, in 
an easy-to-use check list form, de- 
tailed suggestions for promoting farm 
safety. The booklet covers transporta- 
tion practices, using equipment and 
power tools, handling livestock, work- 
ing in the farm shop, using caustic, 
poisonous, and inflammable materials, 
preventing fires, using electricity, 
practicing sanitation, and other safety 
features at home and school. In addi- 
tion, the handbook has 10 Fire Sur- 
vey blanks which members may use 
in inspecting farms in their com- 
munities in order to bring clearly to 
the attention of local farmers the 
vital importance of farm safety pre- 

The thoroughness with which Rug- 
by's FFA boys tackled their farm 
safety program is typical of their 
approach to their other FFA activities. 
Many hours are spent between the 
runways of the Rugby airport, for it 
is here that the chapter farm of 145 
acres is located. In addition, the chap- 
ter averages more than four produc- 
tive projects per member each year. 
The returns from the crop and live- 
stock projects usually total more 
than $75,000. Beef cattle and durum 
wheat are big money makers for the 

Farmers, bankers and businessmen 
around Rugby have more than just 
a casual interest in the FFA chapter. 
From the time of its formation in 
January, 1934, the chapter has grown 
steadily until it now averages about 
60 members, and Rugby's citizens have 
watched this growth. As the chapter 
grew, more boys wanted to start vari- 
ous farm projects but many of them 
lacked the money to buy equipment, 
seeds, or livestock, or to pay rent for 
land. Believing in the sincerity, as 

well as the capabilities, of the boys, 
a group of farmers started soliciting 
$10 contributions from other farmers, 
bankers, and business men. They col- 
lected $1,400. Then, in 1947, they 
organized a Rugby Chapter Founda- 
tion to provide financial backing for 
worthwhile FFA projects for indi- 
viduals who need such support, as 
well as to provide working capital to 
operate the chapter farm. The aid 
which the Foundation gives the FFA 
boys is strictly on a business basis; 
boys who borrow from the fund repay 
the loan from the proceeds of their 

From the president down to the 
newest Green Hand, the boys of the 
Rugby FFA Chapter are eager to par- 
ticipate in the chapter activities 
whether they be on the farm, at school, 
or at FFA meetings. They have de- 
veloped a different and very enjoyable 
way to hold the weekly meetings of 
the Executive Committee. The com- 
mittee meets for breakfast at 7:15 on 
Wednesday mornings at a local res- 
taurant. It's an informal meeting, and 
the committee finds it an effective 
way to get their business completed — 

even though it means getting up ear- 
lier than usual one morning a week. 

But life in Rugby's FFA Chapter 
isn't all serious business. The pro- 
gram of work for the coming year 
includes many social and recreatioi 
activities which promise to be even 
more fun than last year's. Folks 
around Rugby are already looking 
forward to the 1953 edition of the 
Future Farmers Follies, which the 
boys put on annually, partly to raise 
money for the chapter treasury- but 
mostly because they have so much 
fun rehearsing and staging the show. 
Last year's Follies had a cast of 45. 
including the chapter orchestra, a 
ventriloquist act featuring three- foot 
chapter member Willie Haverstaw 
and six-foot-three chapter member 
Gilly Berdahl, and a chorus '"girl'' 
line that was a real show-stopper. 

Another FFA affair well known in 
Rugby is the annual Parent and Son 
banquet. Over 300 people attended 
last year. The banquet, the chapter 
farm, the safety program, and the 
Follies are just a few of the many 
activities which keep the FFA very 
much in the center of things. 

Directors of the Rugby FFA Foundation, probably the only group of its kind. 
The Rugby Follies as put on by the local Chapter is quite a gala affair. 



The pride a father holds in his son knows no more joyful moment 
than that day the boy has reached the stage of mature judgment and knowl- 
edge that justifies his being made a full partner in operating the home farm. 

From the proud moment of birth, through the toddling stages of 
childhood, Dad has coached and encouraged son toward the accomplish- 
ment of this day. He taught him to perform the myriad routine tasks of a 
farmer's work, molding in his own hands the life that would someday replace 
him on earth. As the boy grew, he was given greater responsibilities. He 
had farm projects of his very own to tend, providing incentive for him to 
develop stronger interest in the farm. 

In high school, he studied vocational agriculture to learn more about 
the science and business of farming. The teacher became a familiar visitor 
on the farm, adding his guidance to Dad's. Frequently, son brought home 
new ideas and convinced Dad they were good. Through participation and 
activities of the Future Farmers of America, he developed abilities in lead- 
ership, learned to cooperate with his fellows, and began to assume his re- 
sponsibilities to the community. 

Then came the day when the son owned enough assets to make a busi- 
ness-like arrangement with Dad for a full share in the total farm. The father 
would have many more years of useful work, but he welcomed the vigor of 
youth in his enterprise. The investment amassed over a lifetime would pro- 
vide the foundation for even greater achievement by father and son con- 
tinuing to work and prosper together, realizing that, in a coming generation, 
another boy will stand on this hill with Dad, viewing the heritage that was 
wrought by God and developed by the toil of partners. 


(From the 1934 FFA Calendar) 


"Partners," the painting by Harold Anderson on the 1954 FFA calendars. 

Make a Date 

MAKE A DATE in '54 with the pret- 
tiest little public relations worker ever 
to sing the praises of the FFA! More 
than a quarter-million of them will 
grace American homes during this 

If you haven't guessed, we're talk- 
ing about the official FFA calendars. 
Hanging on the walls of homes, 
schoolrooms and business establish- 
ments, they're eye-catching salesmen 
on duty the year-round telling people 
what the FFA is and showing them 
with full color photos what the mem- 
bers do. 

The 1953 FFA calendars, all of 
which will probably have been dis- 
tributed by the time this article is in 
print, feature the organization's 25th 
Anniversary with the theme, "Im- 
proving American Agriculture." Since 
calendars usually are ordered a year 
or so before they're distributed, if you 
don't have a 1953 issue, it's too late to 

Staff Writer 

do anything about it. There's still 
plenty of time, though, to get in line 
to have these attractive salesmen 
working for your chapter in 1954. 

Since 1949, the National FFA or- 
ganization has had a contract with the 
Osborne Company of Clifton. New 
Jersey, to produce and distribute of- 
ficial FFA calendars. With a nation- 
wide sales organization consisting of 
several hundred trained representa- 
tives who cover the entire continental 
United States. Hawaii and Alaska, the 
Osborne Company is in a good posi- 
tion to secure the maximum distribu- 
tion of the calendars. 

Only 49,000 of the 1949 FFA calen- 
dars were sold. Distribution has in- 
creased steadily since then, though, 
and more than 250,000 of the 1953 cal- 
endars have been sold. The Osborne 
Company has set its distribution tar- 
get for 1954 calendars at the total of 
at least 400,000. 

Here's a public relations medium 
that makes money for FFA chapter 
treasuries, rather than taking it away. 
Osborne salesmen are directed to call 
on the advisor of the FFA chapter be- 
fore he sells calendars in a local com- 
munity. He asks the chapter to recom- 
mend a bank or local business to spon- 
sor the calendars. If the chapter 
agrees to assist in placing the calen- 
dars in the best locations, it will be 
given a 10 percent commission on the 

A meaningful painting by Harold 
Anderson, one of the nation's top il- 
lustrator artists, is the feature of each 
FFA calendar. The 1954 calendar 
painting, reproduced -here, depicts the 
theme of father-son partnerships. 

The '"home" calendar, specially de- 
signed to provide an attractive calen- 
dar for display in the home, features 
Anderson's painting on the cover, and 
(Conrnuieri on page 62) 


When Future Farmers pull together, things get done! 

By A. R. COX 

Florida FFA Executive Secretary 

ASK ANYONE in Trenton, Florida, 
about their Future Farmers of Amer- 
ica, and they'll be proud to cite a long 
list of winnings and doings. 

Hitting the high spots, the chapter's 
record is a story of achievement 
through cooperation since the Trenton 
Cooperative was organized in 1946. 
The year 1947-48 brought a State 
winner in the Chapter Contest and a 
Silver Award in the National; 1949-50 
a first-place winner in the State Con- 
test and a Gold Emblem in the Na- 
tional; 1950-51 a State Cooperative 
Award and a plaque for being one of 
the five winners in the National Co- 
operative Contest. And in 1952 Tren- 
ton, not content with placing first in 
the State Cooperative Contest, won 

The Results 

the highest honor in the nation be- 
cause of their achievements in farmer 
cooperative activities. 

The placing for the national award 
is based on a 1,000-word report and 
group action pictures showing the co- 
operative activities of the competing 
chapters. Major emphasis in this con- 
test was placed upon activities which 
took place during the 1951-52 school 
year. The award provides up to $1,000 
for expenses incurred in bringing the 
FFA chapter advisor and five repre- 
sentatives to the summer session of 
the American Institute of Coopera- 

Against stiff competition from four 
other state winners (chapters in Wi- 
nona, Minnesota; Bremen, Ohio; Mo- 

roni, Utah; and-Plymouth, Wisconsin) , 
Trenton, Florida, won the top spot in 
the nation and attended the Institute 
at Michigan State College, East Lan- 
sing, on August 10-14. The National 
FFA Chapter Leadership Award on 
Cooperation is one of the many edu- 
cational and training activities in 
farmer cooperatives sponsored by the 
AIC's Youth Education Division, di- 
rected by Howard McClarren. Let's 
look at some of the FFA activities in 
Trenton leading up to this national 

A Need and An Answer 

As a result of a survey, a chapter 
cooperative was organized in Trenton 
in 1946. The survey found that boys 

Trenton Chapter boys display the 1952 National Chapter Leadership Award on Cooperation of the Youth Education 
Division, American Institute of Cooperation. Behind them (I. to r.j stand J. K. Sterus, President of AIC; H. E. Brown, 
Chapter Advisor; J. G. Smith, Dist. Supvr. of Ag. Educ; Jack Matthews, Chairman of the Youth Committee, Florida 
Council; and L. B. Lindsey, Trenton H. S. Principal. 


Trenton Chapter's award-winning achievements are.. 

of Teamwork 

were paying up to $10 more per ton 
for fertilizer, $8 more for feeds and 
50 cents more per pound for water- 
melon seed than they would have to 
pay through a cooperative. It was also 
found that money could be saved by 
marketing farm products through a co- 
operative. Therefore, Trenton needed 
and wanted an FFA cooperative. 

From the beginning the newly or- 
ganized FFA Co-op handled farm sup- 
plies and marketed commodities 
grown in the area. These services 
were carried on not only for the 
benefit of the FFA, but also for 
Veteran-on-the-Farm Training mem- 
bers and other farmers until January, 
1950. At that time it was decided that 
a local farmers' purchasing coopera- 
tive should be formed to take over the 
supply business done by the FFA Co- 
operative with those other than chap- 
ter members. As a result, the Tri- 
County Farmers Cooperative was or- 
ganized and Jack Matthews, a mem- 
ber of the Veterans Class and an adult 
advisor to the FFA Co-op, was named 
manager. Tri-County is now a flour- 
ishing concern, and they attribute part 
of the success to the spadework done 
by the FFA Co-op. 

The Chapter Co-op is patterned on 
the same principle as Tri-County Co- 
op, on a smaller scale, while at the 
same time it is performing some new 
services. The volume of business done 
is not large when compared with the 
figures for most cooperatives having 
adult members, but it is mighty im- 
pressive to the boys. During the past 
year, they marketed through their 
own Co-op more than $12,000 worth 
of products from the chapter farm, an- 
other $14,000 worth for the chapter 
members, and they handled more than 
$10,000 worth of farm supplies for the 
chapter farm and members. These 
products and supplies included water- 
melons, purebred boars and gilts, 
slaughter hogs, corn, tobacco plants, 
tomato plants, hay, fertilizer, feed, 
peanut seed and watermelon seed. 

The FFA Co-op furnished several 
other services for its members, farm- 
ers in the area, and the Tri-County 
Co-op. Here is a sampling: 

• Sprayed 1,000 acres of watermelons 
and sweet corn. 

• Provided breeding service to 90 
animals by purebred sires. 

• Mixed 50 tons of homegrown feeds. 

• Mixed and sold 600 pounds of in- 
ternal parasite medicine. 

• Repaired many farm tools and 
pieces of equipment. 

• Grew tomato and tobacco plants on 
the chapter farm for Tri-County 
to sell. 

• Helped Tri-County move into a 
larger building. 

• Put on a purebred cattle exhibit for 
the Tri-County open house. 

• Worked part days at Tri-County to 
learn how a cooperative operates. 

• Built self-feeder livestock mineral 
mixture boxes for Tri-County to 

It's hard to tell exactly how much 
money was saved by marketing farm 
products, purchasing supplies, and 
performing all the other services co- 
operatively, but a safe estimate would 
be $3,000 more realized from the $46,- 
000 worth of farm products sold, 
$1,200 less paid in the purchase of 
supplies, and $800 saved in perform- 
ing services when compared with 
what would have been the case with- 
out the Co-op. 

Learning To Do 

The boys have learned and experi- 
enced a lot through working with 
farmer cooperatives. They say that 
this association has given them valu- 
able training in public speaking and 
in conducting meetings by parliamen- 
tary procedure. Here are some ex- 
amples of this broader experience: 

• The Trenton Chapter was respon- 
sible for starting a Cattlemen's As- 
sociation when such a group be- 
came necessary. The boys attended 
meetings and furnished speakers 
for one meeting. 

"Let's forget the firewood — we're 
warm enough now." 

• The FFA attended sales of the Gulf 
Marketing Cooperative, learning 
while they sold S3.500 v 

hogs through this Co-op. 

• The boys were speakers at various 
Farm Bureau. Credit Association, 
and Florida Council of Farmer Co- 
operative meetings. 

• They assisted in taking 400 soil 
samples on area farms. 

• They worked on a survey of home 
appliance needs. 

• The chapter took several field trips 
to visit other cooperatives. 

In and Out of School 

The Trenton FFA realizes the im- 
portance of a close working relation- 
ship with other school and commu- 
nity groups. They find many oppor- 
tunities for furthering these relation- 
ships. One is the chicken supper 
which the chapter and the P-TA spon- 
sor the first of each school year. Par- 
ents come and get acquainted with 
the FFA program, meet the teachers, 
and hear the principal outline the 
school program for the coming year. 

A corn contest is another chapter 
activity and, at a dinner meeting each 
year, parents and guests see the win- 
ners awarded plaques and cash prizes. 
A scholarship committee is still an- 
other facet of this group — the purpose 
of the committee being to improve and 
maintain the scholarship of the mem- 
bers. The Athletic Association of the 
school receives the cooperation of the 
chapter, both in athletic contests and 
in money-raising when help is re- 

The boys were more than glad to 
assist the Future Homemakers in a 
campaign to get a girl from Trenton 
elected to a state office. The Future 
Homemakers returned the favor by 
preparing campaign material and 
writing letters in behalf of Jackson 
Brownlee. who was elected State 
President, Florida Association. FFA. 
Incidentally, the Trenton Chapter has 
furnished more state officers than any 
other chapter in Florida! 

In the community, the FFA assists 
in such national drives as the Amer- 
ican Red Cross and Infantile Paralysis, 
and gives as generously as possible 
out of chapter funds. 

Through cooperative efforts, the 
Trenton FFA has learned to work 
with other organizations. 



IT WAS EARLY on the first Saturday 
of the quail season when I drove up 
to the Champion Farm five miles west 
of Alvord, Texas. 

A light Norther had blown in dur- 
ing the night bringing clear weather, 
with a temperature of about 45 de- 
grees. Just the right kind of day for 

Mr. Champion and his sons. John 
and Wallace, were doing the morning 
chores when I drove up and began 
unloading the dogs and hunting gear. 
I had made arrangements with John, 
who was an applicant for the State 
Farmer Degree that year, to get in 
some shooting as soon as the season 

John had the schedule all set so that 
he was to hunt with me until noon, 
when he would take over the plowing 
and let Mr. Champion join me for the 

We were out about 20 minutes when 
the dogs began working carefully and 
I knew we were near birds. Andy, an 
English Setter, soon pointed in some 
high weeds bordering a maize field, 
and Rock, a lemon and white Pointer, 
backed him staunchly. John and I 
took our time getting placed where 
we thought we would have the best 
shots on the covey rise, and I kicked 
into the weeds. Out came about 15 

North Texas Area FFA Advisor 

feathered streaks headed straight for 
the post oaks! I emptied my three- 
shot automatic and John fired twice 
with his bolt action 16. The dogs 
brought in four birds — but only after 
one bird gave them quite a chase. 

We followed the covey into the oaks, 
where several birds flew from where 
they had been sitting on the limbs of 
the trees. Although we did not get any 
of these, the dogs pointed a small 
brush pile. I kicked it and out plum- 
meted three feathered bullets. We 
both managed to get off two shots, 
and the dogs brought back two more 

Nine shots and five birds! No record, 
of course, but not bad. Especially 
when you consider the last four shots 
were in light timber. Andy and Rock 
were as pleased as we were, and anx- 
ious to be off again. We headed back 
to the fence after deciding we had 
taken enough birds from the first 
covey — being helped in our decision, 
probably, by the fact that they were 
scattered all over 15 acres of post 

It wasn't long before Andy and 
Rock struck the scent of another 
covey, and followed it down the fence 
and into an old field that was covered 
with sunflowers. Near a very thick, 
high bunch of sunflowers, not far 

from a water tank, the dogs came to a 
beautiful point. Again we got set, 
thinking the birds would try for the 
tank and brush near it. We flushed 
them, and we were right. Again I 
emptied my gun and John fired twice. 
This time only three fell, and one of 
them was only wounded. John imme- 
diately gave chase while the dogs 
brought in the dead birds — and what 
a chase it was! We all got in on it, 
and finally Rock had to spend five 
minutes digging him out of a varmint 

Back at the tank Rock pointed a 
clump of Bermuda grass on the dam, 
and two birds boiled out, one headed 
for the maize field and the other 
across the tank. John dropped the 
first with a fine shot, and I took the 
other and stopped him right in the 
middle of the tank. Andy, the Setter, 
swam out and retrieved it. and John 
was elated. It was the first time he 
had ever seen water retrieving. 

By this time it was pretty hot, so 
we worked back to the car, had a 
drink of water, and counted our birds 
— as if we didn't know how many we 
had all the time. John made the re- 
mark that we shouldn't stop on 13, 
and, of course, I agreed — especial- 
ly when he said he knew where a 
(Continued on page 62) 


The FFA Creed 

l believe in the future of farming, with a faith horn not of words 
but of deeds— achievements won by the present and past generations 
of farmers; in the promise of better days through better ways, even 
as the better things we now enjoy have come up to us from the 
struggles of former years. 



V * 

■ A i 

S3R 5 

* ; t» <■ - :: , * 



>> ■» 


/ believe that to live and work on a good farm is pleasant as 
well as challenging; for 1 know the joys and discomforts of farm 
life and bold an inborn fondness for those associations which, even 
in hours of discouragement, 1 cannot deny. 

I believe in leadership from ourselves and respect from others. 
I believe in my own ability to work efficiently and think clearly, with 
such knowledge and skill as I can secure, and in the ability of 
organized farmers to serve our own and the public interest in 
marketing the product of our toil. I believe we can safeguard those 
rights against practices and policies that are unfair. 


/ believe in less dependence on begging and more power in 
bargaining; in the life abundant and enough honest wealth to help 
make it so — for others as well as myself; in less need for charity 
and more of it when needed; in being happy myself and playing 
square with those whose happiness depends upon me. 



*%4E c- 

- »* ** 

/ believe that rural America can and will hold true to the best 
traditions in our national life and that 1 can exert an influence in 
my home and community which will stand solid for my part in-tbat 
inspiring task. 


T#£ £tfi Pi ATE 


This is a story of people and land 
and food. Our population is growing 
at the rate of about two million per- 
sons a year. The number of our pro- 
ductive acres to feed these people is 
not keeping pace with this growth! 

The number of people in the United 
States is increasing at the average rate 
of 6,000 persons a day. That's 250 
people an hour, or 4 per minute. This 
is a net increase! 

That is all very interesting, you say, 
but what does it have to do with me? 

It means simply this: By 1975 there 
will be at least 190 million people in 
the United States — for every four 
people who sit down to a meal today, 
there will be five sitting at that same 
table in 23 years. And the 5th plate 
has to be filled. 

Let's talk about what this means to 
you for just the next 25 years. 


According to the estimate of the 
Bureau of the Census, made in 1950, 
at the present rate of increase, the 
United States population will exceed 
200 million by 1975. There were 152 
million in 1950. 

Thus we see we are getting more 
consumers of food, even with a con- 
servative estimate of 190 million — yet, 
at the same time, we are not getting 
more producers of jood. The number 
of people on farms is declining 
steadily. That is why these facts can 
mean so much to the Future Farmers 
of America. 

Take a look at how much more 
meat, milk, and eggs will be needed to 
supply the oncoming population with 
about the same amounts as we have 
had in recent years. (Bear in mind the 
fact that nutritional standards are still 
too low for good health for a large 

percent of our population.) 

In order to feed 190 million people 
the same amount of meat each of us 
eat now, we would need an additional 
5Vz billion pounds annually. This 
means about 10 million more cattle, 20 
million more hogs, and 3V3 million 
more sheep would have to be slaugh- 
tered each year. 

Now, in order to support this 
slaughter, we would need 100 million 
more cattle, 121 million more hogs, 
and 30 million more sheep. Naturally, 
all this increase in livestock would 
automatically demand more feed. 

We are now producing about a 
quart of milk a day for each person 
in the United States. Production 
would have to be 10 billion quarts to 
give each person a quart a day in 
1975. To produce this much milk we 
would need either six million more 

milk cows, or an additional 615 quarts 
each year from each cow. Actually, of 
course, the increase will have to come 
from both sources. Again, this means 
improved hay and pasture lands, and 
more forage and grain. 

We have been producing about 395 
eggs a year for each person, but in 
order to feed 190 million people this 
same number, production would have 
to be increased 1 V\ billion dozen an- 
nually. This would require either 87 
million more layers — or an increase in 
the laying average of 43 eggs per hen. 
This average was 167 in 1950, and 
actually has increased rapidly in re- 
cent years. 

As in the case of milk, however, the 
increase will have to come from both 
sources — from a larger laying flock 
and an increase in production per hen. 
And, here again, we need more feed, 
grain, and protein. 

We are producing all farm com- 
modities at record levels now. But if 
we want to supply 38 million more 
people as well as we are supplied now, 
production will have to move on up 
at least a fifth above 1950. We could 
get this production if we could find 
another 100 million acres of crop land. 
For nearly 400 years we have been 
able to take care of the increase in 
population by moving west and open- 
ing up new land. This is no longer- 
possible. Only a fraction of the needed 
increase in production can come from 

7ff£*£ MU BE3ZM/U/0H MOfif 



me /S75 

MU fQbM 


plus all me 


MAINE ,} 75 










this source. Most of the additional 
production must and will come from 
building up present acres — through a 
vertical rather than horizontal in- 

That is where you come in — the 
challenge is before you. In short, we 
must produce on four acres what we 
are now producing on five. It can be 

done. The Future Farmers of America 
can do it! 

(Editor's Note: This is the first of two 
articles concerning your future in 
farming by Mr. Prince, from material 
and illustrations furnished by the 
USDA. The second, which will give 
information on filling the 5th plate, 
ivill appear in the Spring issue.) 

m aim, mm and t6G xw/mem st/AWAR/ztD 

to supply each person as much as in /950 we would need-' 

. . . AU WE PRODUCED W 1950 


poxAf/^ the mo pxoductm of these states 

= ^ " 


"~W fox SEEEahd Jm 


T^ fox M/M8 a wo /HO 7TO fit 






{Continued from page 21) 
saw a single deer do the same thing 
a few minutes later. 

In the space of two hours, I counted 
fifty-odd deer which came from all 
directions, many of them unquestion- 
ably from some distance away, as 
their tracks later proved. All crossed 
the river. Both the men in our party 
who were on the other side killed 
the bucks they wanted. Yet the deer 
did not return in fright, even from 
the vicinity of the shooting, to my 
side. Two days later, the drift back 
began. But apparently only of deer 
which had originally been in that ter- 
ritory. Why? What had been the 
urge? What physical reaction had 
caused this minor migration? This 
odd rite is well known to deer hunt- 
ers who are close observers, yet no 
one knows the reason for it, or has 
ever seen any unusual action of the 
animals once they have made their 
temporary shift to new ground. 

The fantastic and catastrophic mi- 
grations of Arctic lemmings — a small 
rodent — which cause them to rush 
headlong into the sea by thousands 
has never been explained. Neither 
have sudden movements of squirrels, 
a phenomenon which rather com- 
monly occurs in the U.S. At such 
times gray squirrels will begin travel- 
ing by hundreds, perhaps from an 
area where food and living conditions 
are Utopian. They seem to have no 
purpose, yet all are headed hurriedly 
in the same direction. 

A fox which has just gorged itself 
at a kill will pause, if it hears hounds 
upon its trail at that time, to regurgi- 
tate its food before starting what may 
be a long, hard run. How does it know 
that an empty stomach runs better 
than a full one? Your guess is as good 
as the next. On the Arctic islands 
where tens of thousands of seals come 
to give birth to their young, the 
beaches are crawling with baby seals 
while the mothers go out into the sea 
to feed. When the mothers return, 
each hunts for its own youngster and 
will not accept another. Yet each seal 
pup is as much like another in size, 
color, voice, and smell — so we think — 
as peas in a pod. 

There is another seal mystery that. 

Byron W. Dairy mple has com- 
bined his love of nature with a style 
of writing that is pxinctuated with 
bits of philosophical, colorful com- 
ments. He is fond of mixing his 
facts with yarns and homespun 
talk. Dalrymple is a contributor to 
such magazines as Saturday Eve- 
ning Post, This Week, Coronet, 
Pageant, and Farm Journal. 

if solved, could have extremely far- 
reaching effects upon humans who 
study or work in and on the oceans. 
Certain species of seals feed at great 
depths in the sea. In their stomachs 
are found a species of fish which man- 
kind has never seen alive, a fish of 
tremendous depths. The seals must 
go down several hundred fathoms to 
catch these fish. Seals are warm- 
blooded animals, just as we are, and 
they must breathe air, as we do. It 
is impossible for human divers, no 
matter how excellent their equipment, 
to reach such depths, because of the 
fabulous pressures. Even if a diver 
could reach such depths, he would 
have to be raised a little at a time, for 
many hours, to avoid death from the 
"bends." Yet these seals dive down 
into that permanently dark unknown, 
and come back up again on a single 
"tank" of air, and with no ill effects. 
No matter how carefully man has dis- 
sected these seals, looking for evi- 
dence of their method, the puzzle has 
never been solved. 

We sometimes get the idea now- 
adays, what with the strides constant- 
ly made in the sciences, that man has 
unlocked the gates to the entire flood 
of existing fact. But. though we have 
been able to pin down the atom and 
the molecule, and seem even on the 
verge of soaring out to explore inter- 
planetary space, it is paradoxical that 
among even the most common living 
things we are so often stumped. I 
stood one day beside a stream near 
the seacoast, watching scientists col- 
lect fish from a horde of darting silver 
forms that were working their way 
inland to spawn. The men were look- 
ing for some particular individual 
fish. It seemed like a preposterous un- 
dertaking, yet the biologists were 
willing to bet that they would find 
the ones they wanted. 

Several years previously, they had 
tagged thousands of tiny fish which 
had hatched from eggs on the spawn- 
ing grounds in this same stream. 
These fish were of the type known as 
"anadromous," which means that they 
spend their childhood days in a fresh- 
water stream, then go down it to the 
sea, where they live for several years 
until full breeding maturity, after 
which they return to fresh water to 
spawn. The tiny tagged fish had, the 

biologists knew, eventually gone out 
to sea. There they had roamed over 
literally thousands of miles of un- 
charted saltwater. This was the year 
they would mature and return to 
spawn in freshwater. And, amazingly, 
they would return to their "parent" 
stream, the stream where they were 

I stood there watching the oper- 
ation at a dam, where a fish ladder 
forced all upstream spawning mi- 
grants to pass and be counted. And I 
simply could not believe this could 
be true. Then suddenly a haul of fish 
came up in the collector's net — and 
there among them were two shining 
specimens, with the dated metal tags 
showing plainly, and a clipped fin, a 
secondary marking, also quickly in 
evidence! How could a bundle of life 
in one of the lower brackets, with so 
small and primitive a brain as a fish, 
find its way from a great blue no- 
where, after years of forgetfulness, 
direct to the place of its birth?! 

The wonder and exasperating defi- 
ance of nature overwhelmed me at 
that moment. Yet this was only one 
mystery among millions. Did I detect 
laughter from the clouds? I asked the 
young biologist: why? how? He 
grinned and shrugged. "The mys- 
teries," he said, "are an answer in 
themselves. They are a constant re- 
minder. Did you ever stop to think 
what would become of progress, and 
of man, if to all the questions posed by 
our amazingly intricate surroundings 
we had every answer?" 

Traffic Jam 

Her car got stalled in traffic, 

it irked the guy behind; 
She pulled out every gadget, 

her nervous hand could find; 
As he kept right on honking: 

she looked back with a smile . . 
"If you'll come start this motor, 

I'll lean on that awhile." 




Exclusive "Big Truck" Features 
make GMC's the "Big Buys" 

It's no accident that GMC farm trucks 
have features that match heavy-duty 
construction points in GMC's largest 
highway haulers. • 

When field chores call for off-the-road 
duty, "pillow-action" springs and shock- 
insulated cab mounting cushion driver, 
truck and load. They're two more features 
that match the largest GMC models. And 
recirculating ball-bearing steering action 
means passenger-car handling no matter 
where a GMC works. 

A General Motors Value 


Boys in Korea had a touch of home for 
Christmas through efforts of the FFA 



Shown above are a few of the Puerto Rican FFA boys who canned food for shipment to Korea to brighten Christmas for 
Puerto Rican servicemen there. The FFA boys raised almost all the food themselves. 

Department of Public Instruction 


other organizations in Puerto Rico, 
thousands of Puerto Rican soldiers in 
Korea enjoyed real Puerto Rican food 
for their Christmas dinner as a change 
from the A-B-C-K-L-M alphabet ra- 

In the fall of 1950 the Turabo Chap- 
ter of Future Farmers of America had 
a new topic of conversation besides 
baseball, school and their farm proj- 
ects. They were talking about their 
brothers, cousins and friends who 
were with the Puerto Rican 65th In- 
fantry Regiment in Korea. 

The Puerto Rican boys were finding 
the cold weather of northern Asia 
hard to take, being used to year-round 
spring and summer weather. Also, 
they were getting awfully tired of 
Army rations. They wanted a taste of 
home cooking. Wasn't there some way 
their families could send them Puerto 
Rican food so they could have a 

Christmas dinner with the special 
dishes so characteristic of the Noche 
Buena (Christmas Eve) midnight 

One of the Turabo Future Farmers 
got the idea that their group could do 
something. They knew how to can 
food stuffs from their work at the 
school canning unit. They also had 
most of the ingredients needed, things 
they had raised themselves — chickens, 
pigs, rabbits, plantains, guavas, sour 
oranges, chick peas, pigeon peas and 
many other vegetables and fruits. 

The FFA chapter president, Afortu- 
nado Aponte, liked the idea. He dis- 
cussed it with their advisor, Gonzalo 
Rivero, who endorsed it wholeheart- 
edly. President Aponte presented the 
project to the chapter. The response 
was overwhelmingly enthusiastic! 
And their neighboring chapter in Rio 
Cana (Cane River) immediately bor- 
rowed the idea for themselves. 

From this simple beginning has 
grown an Insular project that, in 1952, 
found approximately 4,000 Future 
Farmers working at 65 different can- 
ning centers to give Puerto Rican sol- 
diers a Christmas feast. And the re- 
sult was thousands of cans of Puerto 
Rican-style chicken with rice, pork 
with rice, pork with chick peas or 
pigeon peas, rich vegetable and meat 
soups, rabbit fricasse, pasteles (a 
chicken or pork filling covered with 
grated plantain and yautia, wrapped 
in plantain leaves and boiled), guavas, 
green papaya and sour oranges in 
heavy syrup, pastes and jellies of coco- 
nut, guava and orange. Of an esti- 
mated 20,000 cans prepared for the 
soldiers in Korea, the Future Farmers 
were responsible for 5,000. Except for 
the rice and a few seasonings, they 
had raised all the food necessary for 
this canning project. 

This is not the first time the Future 


Farmers in Puerto Rico have used 
their farm products to help others. In 
1946 they contributed 1,500 cans of 
foodstuffs to help the devastated 
areas of Europe. 

Such activities have given added in- 
terest and incentive to the work of 
the Puerto Rican chapters, which now 
number 106 with an active member- 
ship of 7,011. They had 10,000 acres 
under cultivation this past year. And 
to their efforts go credit for bringing 
the Commonwealth much closer to the 
food production goals set for this small 
island of about 3,500 square miles 
with a population of almost 2,500,000. 

The Future Farmers' work with the 
schools has been especially commend- 
able. They have used the 1,000 acres of 
the school farms for subsistence crops 
and for swine, rabbit and poultry- 
projects. This produce has been of 
considerable help to the extensive 
school lunch program of the Depart- 
ment of Education. It also brings 
them an annual income of some $30,- 
000 (their one-third of the farm 
schools' sales) — a small but very wel- 
come help to the low-income rural 

Investments totaling $20,000 were 
made last year in home projects 
through loans granted by the FFA 
Loan and Award Association in 
Puerto Rico. This Association, created 
by the Insular Legislature in 1946, 
offers financial help for the purchase 
of purebred livestock or poultry, 
seeds, fertilizers, spray materials, 
equipment and other farm needs. 

Future Farmers of America in the 
Commonwealth of Puerto Rico are 
doing their share, and more, toward 
changing the Island from a one-crop 
agricultural economy into a balanced 
agricultural program that will mean 
better use of the land and better 
health for its people. They are really 
"Living to Serve." 

The rain that benefits 
...can also DESTROY! 

T ike most of nature's blessings, rain 
isn't always as beneficial as it might 
be. Often it destroys what it helps build 
. . . washes away our crops or the soil 
around root systems . . . starts sheet and 
gully erosion . . . silts our streams, blocks 

Yet with proper land management, the 
right tools and the knowledge of experts, 
farmers can prevent the destroying hand 
of rain. It means keeping the rain up on 
the hills through contouring and strip 
cropping, planting marginal land to tim- 
ber, filling in gullies, planting grassed 
waterways, building ponds. 

It takes tools like drill planters to fol- 
low the contours, one way plows to 
throw the soil up the hills and build 
terraces to help hold the soil in place. 

It also means holding soil with the high 
stubble left by Self-Propelled combines 
. . . breaking up hard pan with sub-soil- 
ers and chisels so heavy rains soak in 

Here at Massey-Harris there's a con- 
tinuing program of improvement and de- 
sign ... a never-ending policy to develop 
the machines and power the farmer needs 
to make more profitable use of his land, 
more profitable use of his time. 

Soil conservation is a job for everyone. 
For the farmer who's land is at stake, for 
we who build the power and machines he 
needs to get the job done, for those who 
guide and instruct the nation's 6,000,000 

North America's fastest growing full-line Implement Company 

'He swallowed a fly." 


A Banquet 
for a Million 

Former Advisor, Lexington, Alabama 

Winfred Davis, Alabama State FFA 
President, addresses the guests. 

A parent-and-son banquet is tradi- 
tional with most departments of voca- 
tional agriculture. It is estimated that 
during the remainder of this school 
year, nearly a million people will at- 
tend this kind of banquet put on by 
Future Farmers throughout the United 
States, Puerto Rico and Hawaii. 

For any undertaking to be so wide- 
spread, it must be mighty well re- 
ceived in the local communities. And 
that means a lot of good sound plan- 
ning is behind it all. 

Still, even the best chapters are 
always looking for new ideas. With 
that thought in mind, I have set down 
a few points based on our experiences 
with parent-son-and-daughter ban- 
quets — which are always undertaken 
jointly with the FHA. 

Webster defines a banquet as "a 
feast, often ceremonious and followed 
by speeches." A banquet should cer- 
tainly be a feast, but not necessarily 
followed by speeches. A parent-son- 
and-daughter banquet should serve 
more purposes than a feast. It should 
provide a means for the guests to be 
entertained, have a good visit with 
friends, and learn something of the 
chapters' activities. 

From the students' standpoint, a 
banquet should provide an opportu- 
nity to plan and work together. It 
should be planned so that every mem- 
ber can make a contribution. Then 
every member gets a great deal of 
self-satisfaction in seeing a worthy 
project successfully completed. It has 
been our experience that if the ban- 
quet is properly planned by the stu- 
dents, the carrying out of these plans 
come as a natural result. 

We enjoy working with the FHA. 
Besides, we realize the value of a 
helping hand from the girls. This 
does not mean that the girls do all the 
food preparing, serving, and cleaning 
up. The boys work right along with 
the girls whether it be peeling pota- 
toes, making place cards, or operating 
the dish washer. In short, we have 
no ''boys' jobs" and no "girls' jobs" 
as such. 

We are fortunate in having facilities 
large enough to accommodate 300 peo- 
ple. This enables each member to 
invite both parents. 

Our banquet is planned from one 
year to the next. The date for the 
banquet is set at the beginning of the 

school year so other school functions 
can be held without conflict. It is 
usually held either on Tuesday or 
Thursday night during National FFA 
Week. There is very good reason for 
these nights in our community. Our 
school is consolidated, embodying sev- 
eral outlying communities. Wednes- 
day night functions in the school are 
discourfaged because of midweek 
church services. We have found that 
better attendance results and last min- 
ute details can be handled more easily 
by not having the banquet on Monday 
or Friday nights. 

The school principal, faculty mem- 
bers and cafeteria supervisor are 
informed of the banquet and arrange- 

Fellows and gals alike pitch in to help when clean-up time comes around. 


ments are made for all committee 
work to be done during school hours. 

The executive committees of the 
chapters set up necessary committees 
and act as a coordinating agent for 

There must be close coordination 
between the various committees. For 
example, the invitation committee 
must work closely with the foods com- 
mittee so that an adequate amount of 
food can be prepared, and with the 
decoration committee so that place 
cards and seating arrangements can be 

The committees, together with their 
respective duties and responsibilities. 
are as follows: 

1. Menu and Food Preparation 

Committee — 

a. Decide menu that can best be 

b. Determine number of people 

c. Determine amount of each food 

d. Find which students can bring 
what food and amount. 

e. Set up subcommittee respon- 
sible for receiving each food 
and preparing it. 

f. Make arrangements with cafe- 
teria supervisor to use cafe- 
teria facilities. 

g. Arrange for cafeteria super- 
visor to purchase additional 
food (rolls, salad dressing, 
etc.) through wholesale grocer. 

h. Coordinate preparation and 

2. Invitation Committee — 

a. Send card to each parent three 
weeks before banquet. 

b. Make out guest list and write 
individual letter. The guest list 
includes: supervisor, super- 
intendent of education, mem- 
bers of Board of Education, 
honorary members, members 
of school faculty, school trus- 
tees, neighboring vocational 
agriculture and homemaking 
teachers and local legislator. 

c. Make available to decoration 
committee names of people 
planning to attend. 

3. Program Committee — 

a. Make out well-rounded pro- 
gram, not over one and one- 
half hours, including time 
required to eat. Include enter- 
tainment, allow for group par- 
ticipation as well as informa- 
tive program. 

b. Arrange for people to appear 
on the program, program se- 
quence and any rehearsing 
that may be necessary. 

c. Coordinate program with serv- 
ing committee so that both may 
be carried on at the same time 
if necessary. 

4. Decoration Committee — 

a. Decide appropriate motif. 

b. Make place cards. 

c. Prepare table decoration. 

d. Set up public address system. 

e. Set up spotlight, movie pro- 
jector, etc., if necessary. 

f. Set tables. 

g. Prepare programs. 

5. Reception Committee — 

We have open house of the entire 
school plant for one hour before 
eating time. This provides for the 
early arrivals. Students serve as 
guides as well as explain the func- 
tion of various areas of the school 
and answer any questions. Our 
guests assemble in the audiorium 
and are escorted by ushers to their 
table in the cafeteria. This elimi- 
nates confusion that would result 

from 300 people attempting to find 
their places. 

6. Serving Committee — 

a. Arrange for necessary serving 
trays, coffee pots, sugar bowls, 
and cream pitchers. 

b. Number tables so that each 
boy and girl will know the 
table and location of the table 
for which they are responsible. 

c. See that food is served prop- 
erly and when needed. 

7. Clean-up Committee — 

a. Arrange for subcommittees 
to clean dining room and 

b. Remove garbage. 

Remember the parents and other 
guests are there to see and hear the 
boys and girls as well as to enjoy the 

Items that have appeared on our 
programs at various times are: 


Opening and Closing Ceremony 
Welcome address and response 
Special musical numbers (piano, 

string band, quartet) 
Group singing 

FFA Emblem Ceremony 
FHA Emblem Ceremony 
Address by State FFA Officers 
Awarding of Honorary Chapter 

Farmer Degree 
Awarding of Corn Production 

Prizes by local bank 
Brief description of Degrees with 
roll call of members holding 
each degree (standing as a 
Introduction of Honorary Farm- 
ers (as a group) and introduc- 
tion of guests. 

Usually the FFA and FHA presi- 
dents serve jointly as master of cere- 

You will notice only students appear 
on the program, except in cases of 
making or receiving awards or re- 
sponding to the welcome address. The 
adults prefer it that way. 




Destiny of Our Soil 

(Continued from page 13) 

of district affairs, and should not in 
any way encroach on district respon- 
sibility. If by working through the 
district directors in a genuine spirit 
of mutual helpfulness and friendly co- 
operation more conservation can be 
done for the dollar spent, people gen- 
erally are going to be pleased. 

It has taken time and hard work to 
get up to this point with the conserva- 
tion program. It took some 25 years to 
arouse enough interest in the problem 
to get a program of critically needed 
research started, and then additional 
years to work up to an action program 
of land treatment. But now, at long 
last, we are leading the world in per- 
manent soil and water conservation 
work. It is being done with a degree 
cf effectiveness and at a rate that was 
not thought possible a few years ago. 

There are today about 2.500 soil 
conservation districts in the 48 states, 
Alaska, Hawaii, Puerto Rico, and the 
Virgin Islands. They include the un- 
believable area of a billion and three 
hundred million acres, three-fourths 
of the country's farmland, and more 
than four-fifths of all the farms and 
ranches in the United States. 

Through these districts the SCS 
technicians have developed around a 
million complete conservation farm 
plans providing for treatment of more 
than 250 million acres. More than 140 
million acres in districts have already 
been treated. 

It is significant, I think, that over 

the past 18 years our conservation ac- 
complishments have, each year, more 
than surpassed those of the year be- 
fore, even though working facilities 
have not increased in corresponding 

Probably a third of the job for the 
nation has now been finished up to the 
stage of maintenance and improve- 
ment. Continuing at the present rate 
of progress, the remaining part would 
be completed (up to maintenance) in 
about 35 years. 

A few actual measurements of rates 
of soil loss by erosion and accompany- 
ing loss of rainwater, under different 
land conditions, used for different 
crops, will illustrate the evil effects of 
erosion and the beneficial effects of 

At the soil conservation research 
station in the Red Plains section of 
Oklahoma, near Guthrie, the soil loss 
from continuously-grown cotton on 
unprotected land was 625 times faster 
than from sod and the rate of soil loss 
was infinitely greater. 

A very important conservation mea- 
sure is to readjust land use so as to 
have grass or trees on the steeper land 
and the inter-tilled crops on the 
gentler slopes. Look at some of the 
measurements made at the Upper 
Mississippi Valley soil conservation 
research center. Here nature's way of 
land protection (with grass) was 1,117 
times as effective as man's method of 
growing corn on a 16-percent slope 
without protection from erosion, and 
5 times more effective in the retention 
of rainfall. 

Generations of liverworts — maybe you call them moss — growing on solid rock 
are slowly — very slowly — bringing about a decomposition of the rock's sur- 
face and adding their decaying remains as organic matter to create soil. 

Thus a single conservation measure 
had an enormous effect on the control 
of erosion and retention of rainfall. 
Other conservation measures prob- 
ably would further reduce the losses 
— as strip cropping, terracing, and the 
use of manure and fertilizer. 

Now let's turn briefly to the relation 
of soil conservation to flood control. 

In a sense, flood control and erosion 
control are inseparable. Effective soil 
conservation to a very large degree is 
dependent on conservation and man- 
agement of water. Every additional 
gallon of water stored in the soil 
through the use of conservation mea- 
sures means one gallon less contrib- 
uted to flood flows. 

A first step, then, in flood reduction 
and proper water management is to 
put the soil in optimum condition for 
maximum water intake. This will re- 
quire the maintenance of a good soil 
structure with good crop rotations, a 
good cover of vegetation wherever 
practicable, and efficient mechanical 
structures, wherever required. What 
excess water runs off fields into the 
small headwater drainages must be 
slowed down with small water-re- 
tarding structures, and what flows out 
of these will call for larger down- 
stream engineering structures, as 
reservoirs, levees, and floodways for 
relieving peak flows. 

The job of control, then, begins 
where the rains fall — at the very 
uppermost ends of the lesser drain- 
ageways — and does not end until the 
runoff reaches the ocean. 

In no event can watershed planning 
and treatment be accomplished over- 
night with some magic formula — 
though it takes heavy rains and ex- 
cessive runoff only a few days, or 
hours, to do irreparable damage to 
land and property. 

We cannot depend on windshield 
surveys and office planning to carry 
out a job of the magnitude and tech- 
nical complexity of successfully safe- 
guarding our farmlands and control- 
ling floods. Nor can we have a ready- 
made plan including a fixed set of 
practices to slap on any farm or 
watershed. Land and the behavior of 
water falling on land differ from 
watershed to watershed, from farm to 
farm, sometimes from field to field. 
Thus every watershed and each dis- 
tinctive parcel of land in every water- 
shed must be dealt with according to 
its complementary relationship to 
every other parcel of land — wherever 
there is any significant relationship. 

We have learned through experi- 
ence that modern soil conservation 
keeps land productive and increases 
per-acre yields. We haven't yet ascer- 
tained the exact ultimate capacity of 
land, but we have learned that, where 
properly safeguarded and kept in the 


fields and out of reservoirs, stream 
channels, and the oceans, land's power 
to produce is enough to meet the 
needs of the nation for decades. 

Modern soil conservation calls for 
the use of all adaptable measures 
needed to keep the land permanently 
productive. To do this we are using 
around a hundred different conserva- 
tion measures in this country. 

When a farmer starts practicing soil 
conservation he will usually find that 
there are many things to do in order 
to carry out a good and lasting job. 
First, he will want to find out what his 
different parcels of land are best suited 
to produce — cultivated crops, trees, 
grass, or livestock. He may need to 
drain one field and irrigate another, 
or do both in still another field. Al- 
most certainly he will need to rotate 
crops on all of his cultivated land, in- 
stall a safe water disposal system for 
the entire farm, stop gullying, and 
fence livestock out of the farm wood- 
lots. He may need to keep the ground 
covered part of the year with cover 
crops or mulch. He will, of course, 
want to use the best varieties of plants 
and the best machines for his farm. 

If any part of the farm has been de- 
pleted of plant nutrients, the defi- 
ciency should be met by the addition 
of suitable fertilizer. If wind is blow- 
ing the soil, the farmer will need to 
set out windbreaks and preserve crop 
stubble to reduce the erosion. Lime 
should be used where needed, and all 
the manure that can be produced un- 
der his type of farming should be 
scrupulously saved and applied to 
fields and pastures. 

This calls for intelligent farmers — 
men who know what their land needs 
and who will apply the needed mea- 
sures. That is why courses in voca- 
tional agriculture are offered in the 
public schools, and other programs are 
operated to help farmers, young and 
old, increase their knowledge of agri- 
culture. All America is interested in 
the development of the farmers of the 
future, for the destiny of the soil is in 
their hands, and the destiny of Amer- 
ica is in its soil. 

•:• ♦:• 

A I Your Service 

(Continued jrom page ,29) 

As in other types of business, how- 
ever, it is difficult to predict how much 
of a particular article will be sold. 
One state advisor decided that the 
local chapters in his state should have 
chapter signs posted coming into and 
leaving their towns. An order for sev- 
eral hundred signs came in and tem- 
porarily cleaned out the stock of chap- 
ter signs. The Supply Service rushed 
a request for more merchandise to the 
sign manufacturer and held up other 
orders for signs until the new ship- 
ment arrived. With them, the unex- 
pected is always expected. 

An unwritten Supply Service policy 
is to furnish the best quality merchan- 
dise for the lowest possible price. For 
example, there has been a recent 
change in the type of printing on FFA 
outdoor signs. Future Farmers are 
now getting a sign with a more dur- 
able paint job at the same price. 

This change resulted from the com- 
ments made by several local advisors 
at state conventions. Mr. Hawkins 
picked up these comments and con- 

sulted the manufacturer about the 
possibility of lengthening the life of 
the paint. A plan was then worked out 
for using a better process at less cost 
per sign. 

Aside from the regular functions of 
the organization, the Supply Service 
is called on to perform other duties. 
Local teachers and state associations 
inquire about the appropriate type of 
clothing or equipment for special oc- 
casions. They ask where they can pur- 
chase non-FFA merchandise, or they 
request items that the Service does not 
carry. In each case, the Service co- 
operates as fully as possible in sup- 
plying the information or finding 
suitable merchandise. 

Many Future Farmers have pur- 
chased articles at the Supply Service 
booth at the state and national con- 
ventions. Many know of the Service 
through hearing its annual report read 
at the National Convention or seeing 
advertisements in The National Fu- 
ture Farmer. However, more publicity 
is needed to acquaint every Future 
Farmer and vo-ag teacher with the 
merchandise — and purposes — of the 
Supply Service. 

Supply Service Manager Edward Hawkins with his secretary, 
Virginia Robeson, and the Assistant Manager, Faith Rathke. 



to the 

FF A Foundation. Inc. 


Chicago, Illinois 


Dothan, Alabama 


Wilmington, Delaware 


Axle Division • 

Cleveland, Ohio 


El Paso, Texas 


Rockford, Illinois 


Toledo, Ohio 


New York, New York 

Elyria, Ohio 

Cleveland, Ohio 

New York, New York 
Detroit, Michigan 
Trenton, Michigan 
River Rouge, Michigan 
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 
Belleville, New Jersey 
Detroit, Michigan 

Detroit, Michigan 

Akron, Ohio 

Yonkers, New York 

Fargo, North Dakota 

Cincinnati, Ohio 


Danville, Illinois 


Tampa, Florida 


Norwalk, Ohio 

Carthage, Missouri 

Detroit, Michigan 

Dearborn, Michigan 
Sturgis, Michigan 

Fort Worth, Texas 

Framingham, Massachusetts 

Other donors will be 

New York, New York 


Duluth, Georgia 


Hartford, Connecticut 


Wayne, Michigan 

Schenectady, New York 

Minneapolis, Minnesota 
Detroit, Michigan 

Adrian, Michigan 

Chicago, Illinois 
Detroit, Michigan 


Akron, Ohio 

Stren Steel Division 
Ecorse, Detroit, Michigan 

Chicago, Illinois 


Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 

Kansas City, Missouri 


Newton. Massachusetts 


Johnson City, Tennessee 


New York, New York 


Stevens Point, Wisconsin 


Indianapolis, Indiana 


Royal Oak, Michigan 


Chicago, Illinois 


Beverly Hills, California 


Detroit, Michigan 


Houston, Texas 


Detroit, Michigan 


Memphis, Tennessee 


Chicago, Illinois 



Chicago, Illinois 

Rochester, Indiana 

isted here in future issues. 

(Continued from page 33) 
"Hump, two, three, four, aim, fire, fix 
bayonets, charge!" 

And here on Uncle Neb's wall was 
an identical rifle, a single shot 45-70 
Springfield, with the ramrod under the 
barrel. Probably Uncle Neb had gone 
to military academy, too. This, then, 
was his hawg rifle. 

I rustled around in Unc's bedroom, 
found his ammunition box under his 
bed, located some 45-70 cartridges, 
among a lot of others. The cartridges 
looked mighty old, with green scum on 
the brass of some of them, and mighty 
deadly. I took some, was about to slip 
out of the house with the Springfield, 
when I saw a pound slab of Climax 
chewing tobacco on the shelf in the 
back porch. Thinking of what Unc had 
said about being sure I was man 
enough to chew my tobacco before I 
went bear hunting, I cut off a nubbin 
of the stuff and slipped it in my shirt 

As you leave Uncle Neb's house you 
step across a dusty logging road into 
the brush. When you step into the 
brush in the Olympic Mountains, 
you're all alone. The forest is big and 
soundless around you, and if you 
stand still and listen to it you begin 
to get scared. 

I started to climb up the mountain, 
looking for the swale that Unc always 
talked about. He had told me that the 
ground leveled off up high, with a 
spring" above it coming down on a 
meadow, where clumps of blackberry 
brambles grew on old stumps, big 
around as houses, the berries six to 
the quart. 

It was tough climbing, with fern 
bracken higher than ray head in 
places, tangled with vine maple and 
laurel. When I'd fight through a place 
like this it was nice to come out into 
the big timber again, where the fir 
tops hummed with the wind off the 
ocean and the fir needles fell on a 
carpet of six inches of moss. It was 
dark and mysterious here. Walking 
along with the Springfield thrust out 
before me gave me a feeling of being 
Daniel Boone in the wilderness. 

It took me quite a while to find the 
swale, but when I saw it I purely 
knew that it was the right place. The 
forest swept down steep off the moun- 
tain, hit where the swale leveled off 
and stopped short, jumped over, to 
pitch down again to the sawmill and 
river. Standing there, looking the 
place over, I could hear the saws send- 
ing their song up to me, and it seemed 
that Unc was close beside me in this 
wilderness of big trees and fern. 

I had to break through the fern to 
reach the meadow, where the ground 
was damp from the spring above, lush 
with grass, with clumps of blackberry 
bushes spotted about like city houses 
on small lots. I felt kind of let down 


when I noticed that the grass around 
the berry clumps was all trampled 
down, like a lot of folks had been 
picking berries here in me and Unc's 
wilderness. And then I saw the bear! 

I'd never seen a bear before, but 
when you see a bear there's no mis- 
taking it. This one was on all fours, 
with his head rammed into the black- 
berry brambles. As I looked he sat 
back on his behind, just like a man, 
reached up a paw and pulled down a 
stringer of berries, ran his tongue 
along it, crunched down and the black 
juice ran out the back of his mouth. I 
just stood there gaping at him, won- 
dering how he could do that without 
getting stickers in his face. 

He got another mouthful of berries, 
chewed on them, turned his head and 
saw me. He didn't move a muscle. His 
big jaws stopped working and he 
leveled his nose right at me. eyes 
black and deadly. That's when I re- 
membered the Springfield, and Unc's 
liking for bear meat, that I was sup- 
posed to be hunting. 

The bear looked like he was ap- 
praising me to see how good eating I 
might be. I could just feel how I'd 
scrunch in those terrible jaws. Easing 
back the rifle hammer, finding the long 
barrel hard to hold up, like I did the 
twenty-two, I reckoned it was about 
lined up, and pulled the trigger. 

My father must have been awfully 
strong when he was in the military 
academy, hollering "One, two, three, 
four, load, aim, fire, fix bayonets, 
charge," because that rifle could kick 
harder than any horse on our ranch. 
The sound of it was deafening in the 
swale, where the forest threw its bel- 
low back at you. A geyser of dirt 
kicked up at the bear's rump. He just 
reared up with a yowl and charged 

S c c^- 

"Thank you, dear, but I'm not really 
beautiful. Your mother is beautiful — 
I'm handsome." 

right through the blackberry clump. 
He purely rode that clump down. 

I got up off my back, where the jolt 
of the rifle had landed me, and ran 
around the clump to see him come out. 
But I was too late. He was out and 
running around another clump. An- 
other bear came rushing around the 
clump, too. They rammed together 
lickety-snort. They both went down 
and wrestled around on the ground 
like two men in fur overcoats. The big 
one that I had shot at got up first. He 
hauled off and slapped the other one 
viciously. The other one let out a 
blood-curdling roar and first thing I 
knew there were bears rushing all 
over the place, and I heard Uncle Neb 
yelling in the ferns like crazy. 

I ran around the blackberry clump 
to see Uncle Neb charging through 
the ferns, waving a rifle that I'd never 
seen before wildly over his head, his 
gay hair standing straight up and his 
long beard splitting in the wind over 
his bony chin. 

"Duck out, boy!" he screamed. 
"There's a passle of bears on the 

The quick thought came to me that 
I'd better not let Unc catch me hunting 
bears without chewing my tobacco, so 
I popped the chunk out of my shirt 
and into my mouth. A great, big bear 

came galloping around a clump, 
bounding along like a rubber ball, 
grunting something fierce every time 
he hit the ground, like the time our 
old sow got out when we were all 
dressed up to go into town to have 
our pictures taken together before my 
brothers went away to war. My moth- 
er said that that picture looked simply 
terrible, on account of our best clothes 
being all rumpled up from chasing the 
sow to get her back in the pen. My 
father finally got mad and grabbed 
the sow by the back legs, swung her 
around his head and threw her into 
the pen. I wondered if Unc could do 
that to the bear that was charging 
right at him, lickety-snort. 

Unc hauled up short when he saw 
what was coming, closed one eye 
clean shut, whomped his rifle to his 
shoulder. But the bear whirled straight 
around when it saw him and ran right 
at me. I never was so scared in my 
life. I yelled at the top of my voice 
and shook the Springfield at him. The 
bear turned and then I heard Unc's 
rifle go off. The bear staggered, roared 
with rage, went tearing across the 
swale, and tumbled over the edge into 
a narrow ravine. 

"Watch it. son!" Unc yelled as he 
went by me with his beard streaming 
in the breeze. I never knew Unc could 



operate a Gehl Forage Harvester. This sim- 
plicity of operation, known to all Gehl Chopper 
owners, indicates the smart, practical, experi- 
enced engineering in every part of the Gehl. 
Built by specialists in the manufacture of feed 
choppers for over half a century, the Gehl is 
famous for clean, fast, uniform chopping that 
makes better feed . . . silage that packs well, 
keeps better. It's |ust one of the reasons why 
Gehl has sold more Forage Harvesters than 
any other independent manufacturer. 

with the simple-to-operate 


cuts any standing crop from short Alfalfa 
to tall Sudan and Sorghum, chops and 
blows it into wagon . . . clears the field in 
one operation, saves sweat, baclc-breaking 
labor and time. Helps beat the man short- 
age and the weather. 

QUICK CHANGE-OVER for 3-way har- 
vesting. From Mower-bar you can change 
quickly to Hay Pickup or Row-crop attach- 
ment. Your choice of engine power or 
power take-off from tractor. 


"Streamlined Methods of 
Harvesting Hav and Mak- 
ing Grass Silage." TELLS 
HOW to store in stacks, 
trench silos, top-of-ground, 
or regular silos . . . HOW 
short to cut, and scores of J 
other answers that show / 
how to make money with 
"grass silage." 
WRITE TODAY For free book on "Grass Silage" 
colorful Forage Harvester catalog. FREE PLANS 
for building self-unloading wagon box and name 
of nearest Gehl dealer. 


Dept. MA-840 

West Bend, Wisconsin 

GEHL. ..a good name to go "buy" 


run so fast on his rheumatic legs. 

I ran after him, saw him fall flat on 
his face halfway down into the steep 
ravine. He skidded along on his belly 
for a way. and then he turned clean 
over and went crashing down through 
the brush. I thought that place was 
too steep for me so I ran up the ravine, 
scuttling through the ferns like a 
rabbit, looking for a place that was 
easier to get down. I found a place 
that looked easier. It was easier only 
part way down. I got halfway down 
and then dropped right through the 
ferns, clean to the bottom. I got up, 
hearing Unc threshing around below 
me. I started down to meet him as 
fast as I could. What I'd heard wasn't 
Unc. It was the bear. He didn't see 
me. but I saw him. I stopped right 
where I was and swallowed my to- 
bacco, feeling it go down, watching 
the bear while my blood ran cold. 

The bear was awfully big and 
awfully mad. He was working up the 
narrow ravine toward me, pausing 
now and then to bite off alder branches 
that got in his way. He'd bite off a 
two inch branch like I would a stick 
of peppermint candy, and toss it back 
over his shoulder. Then he'd stand 
straight up on his hind legs and look 
back down the ravine, like he had half 
a mind to go back down and bite Uncle 
Neb's head off. 

I wanted to get out of there, fast, 
but I couldn't. The ravine was only a 
few feet wide here, with straight walls 
that I couldn't climb. I was afraid to 
move for fear the bear would see me 
and rush to gobble me up. Then I 
thought of the Springfield, raised it up 
and took aim. I got a good bead on the 
bear's head and pulled the trigger. 

When the hammer snapped down, I 
remembered that I hadn't loaded it 

The bear heard the hammer fall and 
he whirled around, seeing me standing 
there. He growled way down in his 
belly, bit off a couple more branches, 
dropped down on his three good legs 
and ran at me with his back humped. 
I yelled, "one. two, three, four," and 
pulled back the hammer, threw open 
the breech, slipped a cartridge from 
my pocket, closed the breech, aimed 
with the barrel. When I yelled, the 
bear stopped, hardly 10 feet away, 

reared up on his hind legs, with the 
leg that Unc's shot had broken hang- 
ing limply down. He writhed his lips 
back in a snarl. I could see the yellow 
at the roots of his teeth, the black- 
berry juice on his tongue. I said, 
"Aim. fire," and pulled the trigger of 
the Springfield. 

After the echoes of the shot, had 
died away, it was awfully quiet in the 
ravine for a minute, with the bear 
lying still on his back. Then Unc 
began to raise an awful rumpus below 
in the ravine, yelling and rolling rocks 
as he scrambled up through the brush. 

When he got to where I was, he 
stopped short, looked at the dead bear, 
and then his old, thin lips began to 
quiver until his whiskers shook. His 
wrinkled hand trembled as he reached 
out and touched the bear. 

"Lordy, son!" he said, his voice thin 
and squeaky, "I thought for sure that 
you were a goner. That old rifle ain't 
been fired for over 20 year." 

I guess that I was too excited to get 
real awful sick from the tobacco cud 
I'd swallowed. But I was sick enough. 
Unc made me wash out my stomach 
with spring water, and then I felt 

We had bear meat for supper that 
night. It was sort of sweet, and it was 
stringy and tough. I didn't like it 
much, and I don't think that Unc did 
either. I could tell by the way his 
Adam's apple wobbled when he swal- 
lowed. But Aunt Sarah kept putting 
more meat on his plate, her lips a 
thin, straight line. 

''Have some more, you old fool," 
she said. "There's plenty." 

Unc crammed his mouth full, and 
he chawed on it. His whiskers wiggled. 
And then he looked at me out of the 
corners of his eyes, and I saw the 
twinkle there that he always had when 
he was about to- tell a circular story 

"Way back in '72," he began . . . 

Aunt Sarah went out into the kitch- 
en and slammed the door. I don't think 
that my Uncle Neb ever shot a bear 
in his life. 

Francis H. Ames lives a life that 
many of us might envy. Secluded in 
a hide-a-way near the Salmon River 
in Oregon, he spends his time fishing, 
hunting, camping, and writing and 
"shooting" wildlife. 

He has been writing professionally 
for only five years but has found many 
markets for his material. He contrib- 
utes to such magazines as Field and 
Stream, True, mid Sports Afield. 
Wome7i's magazines and farm publi- 
cations also buy from him. 




It may be mighty chilly right now, 
but it won't be long until Spring. And 
that means another issue of The Na- 
tional Future Farmer will be coming 
your way. It's going to be a great 

■f -f + 

What would you do if you 
had to trade your dreams of 
earning a letter in basketball 
for a pair of crutches? One 
FFA member faced this ques- 
tion — read how Tommy High 
worked out his own answer as 
he lay in a hospital bed for 
seven long months and how he 
made that answer pay off! 
4- -f -f 

Camping can't be dull. You're 
bound to have a good time. In 
this Spring's issue you'll learn 
about camping thrills that come 
to FFA members in different 
parts of the country, including 
pack trips in the Colorado 
mountains and in the Sierras 
in California. Those are rugged 
trips, but the boys wouldn't 
miss them, and you won't want 
to miss reading about their fun. 
•f -f 4 

The Spring issue will also 
bring you valuable articles on 
dairy farming, soil and water 
management, and one of the 
most unusual nature stories 
ever written. Find out about 
"Our Last Frontier." Enjoy an- 
other fiction story, more won- 
derful cartoons and jokes, and 
up-to-the-minute news on 
FFA activities. 

♦ ♦ -f 
It's all in the Spring issue of The 
National Future Farmer. 

"Timber! ! ! ! !" 

Your Chapter Classroom Notebook 

• Designed for use by FFA members. Requested by thirty 
State Associations and approved by the National Board of Stu- 
dent Officers. Standard 3-ring, 8'/ 2 x I I inches, with a snap 
lock. Made of English saffian grained fabrikoid in blue with 
lettering and emblem stamped in gold. Cover treated with 
plastic for hard wear. 

Chapter name lettered on each notebook if 12 or more are 



Item NB-1 I to 12 $1.00 each 

12 to 24 .95 each 

24 or more .90 each 

Additional for chapter name .20 each 

(Please include check or ,-^oney order with this order) 


Box 1180, Alexandria, Virginia 

Item No. NB-I Classroom Notebook 


each $. 

Ship to: 


Address Route Pes 

City State 


&ui IptM Hofi *7&U? 

it Robert S. Stevens, former State President of the Virginia 
FFA, and Star Farmer of the South in 1949, is probably the young- 
est appointee ever named to a state governing board. He was re- 
cently appointed to the Virginia State Board of Agriculture and 
Immigration at the age of 22. 

H. James Anderson, State Reporter of the California FFA 
Association, subscribed to The National Future Farmer for 10 

The Newton, Illinois, FFA Chapter sent in 121 subscriptions. 

Paul Thomas, Reporter for the Vanlue, Ohio, FFA Chapter, 
believes they have some sort of record. Out of a total of 33 mem- 
bers, 14 are brothers. There are no twins! 

Donald Jury, Secretary of the Harpster-Lewis FFA Chapter, 
at Harpster, Ohio, says they can top the Mott, North Dakota, FFA 
Chapter on the tallest and shortest member. Although Merle 
Mathews is only 6' 4"(!), Carlos McGuire is 4' 7%" — a difference of 

r 8V2". 

i~ But that's not all! Right in the same 
the Harpster-Lewis Chapter — with picture to 
President of the Montpelier, 
Idaho, FFA Chapter, writes: 

"Enclosed you will find a pic- 
ture of Robert Ipsen. 6' 3". and 
Richard Kunz, 4' 2". The total 
difference in height being an 
even 2' 1". 

"We grant that the Mott 
Chapter has us beat in height 
and relationship: However, we 
believe our 4' 2" freshman is a 
record, as well as the 2' 1" 
spread of height in an FFA 

Jerry goes on to say that he 
would like to hear from anyone 
that can beat this record — and 
so would we! 


was one to top 
t. Jerry Miles, 

The Bradford, Florida, FFA Chapter owns 270 acres of land, 
a truck, tractor, 6 cows, a bull, 23 feeder pigs, and 3 brood sows. 
They recently sold 3 steel's which were produced on the farm. 

With hopes of keeping more graduates interested in FFA 
work, and enrolling more vo-ag students, the Minnesota FFA 
officers have announced a membership drive slogan for 1953: 
"10,000 Future Farmers in the land of 10,000 lakes!" They now 
have 8,766 members out of 10,300 enrolled in vo-ag in the state. 

each item printed on this page. No contributions can be 
acknowledged or returned.) 


State FFA Reporter 

five years ago a vocational agricul- 
ture department was opened in the 
Cheyenne, Wyoming, High School. 
That year, 1948, the Frontier FFA 
Chapter received its charter and 
counted 18 members. Two years later 
the chapter had grown to 38 members 
and was considered one of the fastest 
growing and most progressive chap- 
ters in the state. 

In a state with 46 departments, the 
Frontier Chapter has a record in 
judging contests that speaks for itself. 
Five state judging contests are held 
each year: Livestock, Dairy, Poultry, 
Agronomy, and Farm Mechanics. For 
the champion chapter of all judging 
contests, the Frontier Chapter took 
fifth place the first year, fourth the 
second year, and first the last two 

Four teams have competed in Na- 
tional contests held at Waterloo and 
Kansas City, and individuals have re- 
ceived gold emblems four times, silver 
ratings two times, and bronze two 
times. The Frontier Chapter produced 
10 percent of the State Fanners, and 
one State officer this past year. 

The supervised farming program is, 
of course, the major purpose of voca- 
tional agriculture, and is stressed by 
the Frontier Chapter. Each member 
averages over two productive enter- 
prises per year, and one-animal proj- 
ects are not approved except under 
unusual circumstances. 

Perhaps one of the chapter's out- 
standing farming programs was that 
begun by a young man with only 200 
chicks during his first year. Three 
years later the same boy, with very 
little assistance, has 53 breeding ewes, 
(30 are registered Carriedales), one 
registered sow, two litters of pigs, 15 
acres of wheat, 15 acres of barley, 15 
acres of oats, six Southdown lambs, 
and 100 laying hens. 

Cheyenne has the only vocational 
agriculture department in the state 
with less than a four-year program. 
Freshmen attend two different junior 
high schools, leaving only the last 
three years for the vo-ag program in 
Cheyenne Senior High School. J. O. 
Reed, a transplanted Texan, is the 
vo-ag teacher and advisor of the 


Frontier Chapter, and has been teach- 
ing in Wyoming since his discharge 
from the U. S. Marine Corps six years 

Even though there have been some 
drawbacks and disappointments dur- 

ing the time the Frontier Chapter has 
been chartered, as there is in any new 
chapter, there is a saying out in Wy- 
oming today: "If you want competi- 
tion, the Frontier Chapter will give it 
to you!" 


Joseph W. Register. Valdosta, Georgia, goes over his record books with the 
FFA advisor. Joseph won the H. O. Sargent Award of $250 which is presented 
annually to the most successful young Negro farmer and former vo-ag student. 


North Carolina NFA Assistant Supervisor 

most of today's NFA members 
came into the world just about the 
same time the NFA did. From its be- 
ginning 18 years ago, the organization 
has made rapid progress until now 
there are 36,358 active members in 17 

Indications are that 1953 is going to 
be another big year for the NFA. Last 
year, the organization concentrated a 
great deal on cooperation, with the 
result that practically every chapter 
and more than 85 percent of the boys 
engaged in either buying or selling, 
conservation, or campaigns of control 
and prevention. Cooperative groups of 
young farmers were organized and, 
through such groups, farm machinery, 
equipment, feed and supplies were 
purchased, sire chains were estab- 
lished, and farm safety programs were 
put into operation. 

Vernon B. Ruffin, of Seguin, Texas, 
who won last year's Soil and Water 
Management Award, is an NFA be- 
liever in cooperation. He took the lead 
in getting farmers in his community 

to purchase cooperatively 80.000 
pounds of superphosphate and he as- 
sisted them in constructing 25,680 feet 
of terraces. 

While stressing the need for co- 
operation in rural communities, the 
NFA has not lost sight of the sense of 
self-reliance and independence which 
a boy achieves when he plans and 
carries through to completion projects 
of his own. Building an electric 
brooder for baby chicks, an electric 
hot bed for growing plants, and an 
electric fence were projects of Carroll 
V. Crain of Franklinton. Louisiana, 
which won for him the NFA Farm and 
Home Electrification Award. Carroll 
also wired a dairy barn and five homes 
in his community under the supervi- 
sion of the REA inspector. 

By encouraging such individual 
projects as well as cooperative activi- 
ties on the part of its members, the 
NFA is sure that by the time the NFA 
Convention rolls around this year, the 
chapters will have many outstanding 
reports to make. 

long just ^^ 
a dream... 

a reality 


don't ^rm 

another issue/... 
$ee your chapter 

advisor TO DAY 7 / 


{Continued from page 42) 
big covey fed not far from the barn. 

Sure enough, just as we neared the 
field, John excitedly informed me 
that he had seen a quail duck into 
the fence row ahead. The dogs pointed 
immediately, and as we got set, the 
largest covey we had seen boiled out 
end we dropped three. While we were 
looking for the last one, Mr. Champion 
came hustling up with his gun, asking. 
"Which way did they go?" I guess he 
just couldn't stand all the good shoot- 
ing without being in on it, and I 
couldn't blame him. 

I took over the dogs and let John 
and his dad do the shooting. They 
p: omptly downed four of the next six 
birds pointed, and as it was nearing 
noon, we headed for the house and 
dressed the birds before eating lunch. 
John heaped praise on Andy and 
Rock, and of course that made me feel 
good too, for any man is proud of 
his dogs. We had a wonderful lunch, 
thanks to Mrs. Champion, and a thor- 
ough discussion of the safety rules in 
hunting: Never to trip the safety on 
your gun until the birds are in the 
air; never point your gun — loaded or 
unloaded — at your hunting partner or 
the dogs; and to be very careful and 
unload when putting your gun in the 
car or when you finish hunting. 

John reluctantly left us to take his 
turn on the tractor, and after some 


World's Champion 
> Cowboy 




says . . . 

"I've worn 'em 
all and for my 
money Lee 
Rider Cowboy 
Pants and 
Jackets are 
best for looks, 
fit, comfort, 
and wear." 

for Permanent Fit 

Shrinkage Not 
More than 1 % 

None Genuine Without This 
Branded Cowhide Label 


misgivings on the part of his parents, 
young Wallace Champion persuaded 
them to let him go with us on the 
afternoon hunt. As we had hunted the 
north side of the Champion farm that 
morning, we headed south for Chicken 
Creek where it left the farm in order 
to hunt into the light north wind. The 
temperature was now in the 50's and 
the dogs were full of pep. 

We struck our first covey about 200 
yards above the creek and. guessing 
again, took our stand where we would 
catch the birds heading for the creek. 
But, for the first time that day — and 
probably just to prove that nobody 
can be right all the time — the covey 
fooled us and streaked away in the 
opposite direction. We did manage to 
knock down one each, however, so we 
didn't feel so bad about guessing 

The dogs soon located three singles, 
and Mr. Champion bagged two of 
these. I could see by now that quail 
shooting was not new to him. for he 
was a fast but careful gun handler. On 
the next point, some eight or 10 
birds got up together and this time 
headed for the creek. We took one 
each, and decided that was enough 
from that covey — for the first thing to 
remember when shooting into a covey 
is to be sure and leave enough birds 
for next year. 

I walked into a covey a short time 
later on the north fence, but only got 
a single. They flew fast and low be- 
hind the brush along the fence. Rock 
and Andy spread out then, and Mr. 
Champion went to Rock and I took 
Andy. Each of us got a bird, and 
then we alternated on shots until we 
figured eight birds were left. 

John had been unable to resist this 
last bit of shooting, and since we 
were in the field adjoining the one in 
which he was plowing, he had stopped 
to watch. As I had a long way to drive 
before night, we decided to call it a 
day. John insisted I come back soon — 
he still knew where there were other 
covies we hadn't touched. Knowing 
all the time I would be back. I prom- 
ised him I would — provided he kept 
his supervised farming records in good 
shape, and completed his State Farmer 
Degree application. 

Well, he did — and made State 
Farmer that year. And. of course, it 
was a pleasure for me to fulfill my 
part of the bargain. 




Simple, easy. One man, any 

ather. Elastic ring method. 



Time-tested' AT DEALERS or . . . 
Postpaid S12.S0 Rings extra: 25 
rings. 50c; 100. SI. 80; 500. S7; 
1.000, S12. (Insist on genuine 
Elasttator rings with yellow matk.) 

151 Mission St., Dept. 19, San Francisco 5, Cal. 

"Who Done It?" 

''Well, James, were you a good 
little boy in school today?" 

"Me, sir? Oh, yes sir.'' 

"Anything interesting happen?" 

"Yes sir. It was fairly interest- 
ing when the mouse ran up Mrs. 
Hicsnickle's arm." 

"Mouse?? What mouse?" 

"The one somebody had put in 
her drawer. She was reaching in 
to get her ruler to smack some- 
body with it for shooting a spit- 
ball up her nostril ." 

"Up her nostril! What a re- 
markable shot — 1 mean what a 
terrible thing. How on earth did 
it happen?" 

"She had her head tilted away 
back looking at the ceiling to see 
where the bee-bees were coming 


"Yes sir. She had just asked a 
question and quite a jew had 
raised their hands. One of the 
hands must have been full of 

"Did you raise your hand?" 

"Yes sir!" 

"Good. See how it pays to 
study? What was the question?" 

"She asked liow many pupils 
knew how all the erasers and 
chalk got on the floor while she 
was at the principal's office about 
the tack." 


"On her chair. The one she sat 

"One moment, James. Let's go 
back to the erasers. How did they 
get there?" 

"They was flung there." 

"Flung! 1 hope you didn't fling 

"Oh, no sir." 

"Hoio about the bee-bees?" 

"They was flang by Frankie 

"Oh — that spitball now. A re- 
markable shot. Who threw that?" 

"You don't throw them. You 
shoot them with a rubber band. 
Like this. Then you wind the 
rubber band around your fingers, 
like this, and then I pulled her 
away back like this and ZING!" 


The Cow 

The cow is a quadruped of the 
feminine sex — with a guileless 
countenance, an alto voice and a 
lovely disposition. 

During her life she works for 
mankind in the production of a 
fluid termed milk. When that pro- 
duction stops — either thru old age 
or otherwise — she further serves 
mankind by providing one of the 
ingredients for chili or hash and 
ends up being skinned by those 
she benefited — just like most 
mortals are. 

Her offspring is termed a calf — 
sometimes allowed to grow up to 
become a cow and sometimes 
used in the manufacture of chick- 
en salad. 

The cow's tail has a universal 
joint and is mounted aft where 
its principal use is that of harass- 
ing flies who first attempted to 
harass her. The tassel on the end 
has an educational value that is 
unique — that is, people who milk 
cows and have come in contact 
with such tassels have particularly 
impressive and peculiar vocabu- 

The cow has a peculiar set of 
teeth — no upper plate but all in 
the lower. This was apparently 
done by some efficiency expert to 
keep her from gumming things 
up. Therefore, she bites up and 
gums down. 

The quadruped of the masculine 
sex is termed bull. It is lassoed 
in Texas, fought in the ring in 
Mexico and slung in Washington. 

A slice of one of these quad- 
rupeds is worth 10c in the coiv, 
20c in the hands of the packer 
and $3.50 at the nearest restau- 

The cow has two stomachs. In 
reverse to usual normal proce- 
dures, the one on the bottom 
floor has no other function than 
to serve as a warehouse. When 
this warehouse is full — she am- 
bles off to some quiet, retired 
place where she will have no 
conflict with the rules set down 
by Emily Post and devotes herself 
to belching. This raw material 
is then conveyed for the second 
time to the interior of her face 
and she has time to leisurely 
chew such raw material and de- 
liver it to her auxiliary stomach, 
where it is converted into cow. 

(Author unknown) 

(Continued from page 39) 

has 12 pages — one for each month — 
of color photos featuring FFA mem- 
bers in various activities. Most of these 
pictures, incidentally, are bought 
from FFA members or advisors. 

In addition to the "home" calendar, 
there are three display calendars 
which feature the painting, with a 
calendar pad below. Largest of these, 
made for display in banks, stores and 
other public places, is an "indoor bill- 
board," 31 x 42V2 inches in size. For 
places where there is less room for 
display, a 19 V2 x 29 inch size is of- 
fered; and a still smaller size, 10 x 16 
inches, is suitable for use in homes 
where the display-type calendar is 
preferred over the regular home cal- 

(FFA chapters that, for some rea- 
son, have not been contacted by the 
Osborne Company's salesmen may get 
information by writing to Mr. F. S. 
Wilson, Vice President, The Osborne 
Company, Clifton, New Jersey. If you 
have color photos that you ivoidd like 
to submit for possible use in the home 
calendars, send them to Director of 
Public Relations, Future Farmers of 
America, U. S. Office of Education, 
FSA, Washington 25, D. C.) 

006 SOMEl^ 

, . . Wherever you move 
... to the North Pole or 
the next town . . . we'll 
follow you. Be sure you 
get a copy of the maga- 
zine in your new home. 
Send your NAME, with 
OLD, to The National Fu- 
ture Farmer, Box 1180, 
Alexandria, Virginia. 

2nd Lt. 

Joseph C. Rodriguez 

U. S.Army 

Medal of Honor 
fi V' ?, ^\ ■ x ' > ■ u: "" " ' 

* / \ i li"in atop the hill. 

near Munye-ri. Korea. 
;. r 3 the eneniv suddenlv 

opened up a withering 
barrage. The squad was caught: 
Red mortars began zero-ing for 
the kill. Lieutenant Rodriguez 
broke loose and dashed up the fire- 
swept slope, throwing grenades. 
He wiped out three foxholes and 
two gun emplacements. Alone, he 
accounted for 15 eneniv dead, led 
the rout of the enemy, and saved 
the lives of his squad. 

'"Vi hen vou have to take chances 
to reach an objective, that's O.K.. ; 
says Lieutenant Rodriguez. "But 
when vou can find a surer way, so 
much the better. 

"That's why I was glad when I 
heard that people like vou own 
nearly 50 billion dollars in Defense 
Bonds. I believe a strong, peaceful 
America is our objective. And the 
sure way to reach it is through 
backing our strength with your 
strength by investing in Bonds 

Now E Bonds earn more! It All Series E 
Bonds bought after May 1. 1952 average 3^o 
interest, compounded semiannually! Interest 
now starts after 6 months and is higher in the 
early years. 2) All maturing E Bonds auto- 
matically go on earning after maturity — and 
at the new higher interest! Today, start 
investing in better-paying Series E Bonds, 
through the Payroll Savings Plan! 

Peace is for the strong! 

For peace and prosperitv save 

with U. S. Defense Bonds! 

The I .5. Government does not pay for this 
advertisement, h is donated by this publi- 
cation in cooperation with the Advertising 
Council and the Magazine Publishers oj 


The First One Doesn't Have a Chance 

A very little boy came home de- 
jected from his first day at school. 

"Ain't goin' tomorrow," he said. 

''Why not, dear?" 

"Well, I can't read 'n' I can't write 
'n' they won't let me talk — so what's 
the use?" 


In a final effort to discipline her bad 
and wayward chick, mother hen said 
to him, "If your father could see you 
now, he'd turn over in his gravy." 

First flier: "Quick, what do I do 
now, instructor?" 

Second flier: "Good heavens! Aren't 
you the instructor?" 

"All right back there?" called the 
conductor from the front of the bus. 

"Hold on!" came a feminine voice. 
"Wait till I get my clothes off." 

The entire earful turned and craned 
their necks, as a girl got off with a 
basket of laundry. 

A motorist who was picked up un- 
conscious after a smash opened his 
eyes as he was being carried into a 
nearby filling station. He began to 
kick and struggle and tried desper- 
ately to get away. Afterwards he ex- 
plained that the first thing he saw was 
a "Shell" sign, and "some fool was 
standing in front of the 'S'." 

One evening a girl and a handsome 
farm lad were walking along a coun- 
try road together. The farm lad was 
leading a calf and carrying a large 
pail, a chicken, and a cane. They came 
to a dark lane. 

Said the girl: "I'm afraid to walk 
here with you. You might try to kiss 

Said the farm lad: "How could I 
with all these things I'm carrying?" 

"Well, you might stick the cane in 
the ground, tie the calf to it, and put 
the chicken under the pail." 

He had choked her. She was dead; 
there was no doubt about it. He had 
listened to her dying gasp. Now she 
was cold — cold as the hand of death. 
Yet in his anger he was not convinced. 
Furiously he kicked her. To his 
amazement, she gasped, sputtered, and 
then began to hum softly. 

"Just a little patience is all it takes, 
John," remarked his wife from the 
back seat. 


A pedestrian is a man whose son is 
home from college. 

"Mother. I did, too, wash my hands. 
If you don't believe it, just look on 
the towel." 

A tourist was introduced to a Black 
Hills Indian with a reputedly perfect 
memory. Skeptical, the tourist asked: 
"What did you have for breakfast on 
February 6, 1918?" The Indian an- 
swered, "Eggs." "Everyone eats eggs 
for breakfast," the man scoffed. "He's 
a fraud." 

Eight years later, the tourist was in 
the Black Hills again, and, when he 
saw the same Indian, he said jovially, 

The Indian answered promptly, 

A schoolteacher wrote to the par- 
ents of a little boy: "Your boy, 
Charles, shows signs of astigmatism. 
Will you please investigate and try to 
correct it?" 

The next morning, she received a 
reply from the boy's father, who 
wrote: "I don't exactly understand 
what Charlie has done, but I have 
walloped him tonight, and you can 
wallop him tomorrow. That ought to 
help some." 

In the Corn Belt last October, a 
man who looked as if he might be 
from the city came out of a roadside 
grove with a sackful of fine walnuts. 
Just then a second car stopped, and a 
man got out. The fellow with the wal- 
nuts, looking a little shamefaced, 
asked: "How much?" 

"Oh, about a dollar, I guess," said 
the other. 

Receiving the dollar and shoving it 
into his pocket, the newcomer looked 
around and commented: "Sure a nice 
walnut grove — I wonder who owns 


7 think I lost my garter snake, Ma!" 

The tourist came upon a farmer in 
the back country holding a hog up to 
an apple tree while the animal 
munched on apples. 

"Isn't that a rather slow way to 
feed him?" the tourist asked. 

"Could be," reckoned the farmer. 
"But what's time to a dern old hawg?" 

Sign on a drinking fountain: "Old 


The two passengers were making 
their first trip by air. At the first stop, 
they noticed a little red truck roll up 
to the plane and service it. Again at 
the second and third stops, a little red 
truck appeared. 

Late in the afternoon, one passenger 
said to the other: "This plane is cer- 
tainly making good time." 

"Yep," said the other, "and that 
little red truck ain't doin' bad, either." 

There's a town out West that's so 
small they have "Come Again" on the 
back of the "Welcome" sign. 

Restless youngster (at 3 a.m.): 
"Mommy, tell me a story." 

Mother: "Hush, dear. Daddy will 
be in soon and tell us both one." 

The National FUTURE FARMER will pay $2 for each joke published on this page. In case of duplication, 
payment will be made to the first writer. Contributions can not be acknowledged or returned. 


Meet These ALL-NEW Tractors 

They Step Up Performance 
in All These NEW Ways 

In their livelier, more flexible power . . . their new, "live" 
power shaft and "live" Powr-Trol . . . their effortless steer- 
ing . . . quick-change wheel tread, and many other major 
engineering advancements and improvements, these heavy- 
duty 2- and 3-plow John Deere "50" and "60" Tractors 
step up performance in many new ways. See your John 
Deere dealer and arrange to drive one of these great new 
tractors in the field. 


This new do u 6/e- ba rre led carburetor 
meters fuel in identical amounts to 
each cylinder giving you more "get- 
up-and-go" . . . outstanding fuel econ- 
omy . . . smoother engine performance 
. - . faster cold-weather starts. 


Operating independently of the trans- 
mission clutch, the "live" power shaft 
speeds up every PTO job . . . practically 
eliminates clogging of power-driven ma- 
chines . . . saves cost of auxiliary engines 
in many cases. 



Provides ever-ready hydraulic power — inde- 
pendent of both transmission and power 
shaft —for faster effortless equipment control. 
Direct engine-driven high-speed pump in- 
creases lifting capacities as much as 114% 
over previous models. 


Makes re-spacing of tractor rear wheels a 
simple, easy, one-man job. No lifting, tugging 
or reversing wheels from side to side to 
obtain any tread from 56 to 88 inches. 


Highly-finished worm and full gear, in- 
creased gear ratio, one-joint construction 
and a ball thrust bearing at the pedestal 
base, combine to make the new Models 
"50" and "60" the easiest handling trac- 
tors you've ever known. 


Fill Out and Mail This Coupon to^tgjll 

JOHN DEERE • Moline, III. 

\ 1 


Please send free booklet on the New John Deere 
Models "50" and "60" Tractors. 

»^cssl Town 


do it with Engine Power • • • Minute-quitk! 

How would you like a tractor that does everything 
the easy way? A tractor that frees you from heavy 
wrenches, wheel jacks, tractor grease gun, tire 
chains, wheel weights, tug-and-hoist implements 
... all the old bonds of yesterday's farming? 

The new Allis- Chalmers CA uses its quick- 
responsive engine power seven ways to shoulder 
more farm tasks than you ever imagined a trac- 
tor could do. 

Time-saving shortcuts begin when you roll 
open the machine shed door. Engine power spaces 
the tractor wheels. The tractor drives in to attach 
your cultivator. Line up your plow or disc harrow 
to one master hitch point, and GO. 

Traction Booster automatically increases 
weight on the drive wheels in tough spots. Two- 
Clutch Control keeps PTO machines running after 
tractor is stopped — like an extra engine. 

Be first in the field and first home at night. It's 
quick and easy with an Allis -Chalmers CA . . . the 
tractor ahead of its time. 

ENGINE POWER does it all 

I , POWER SHIFTS drive wheels out or in. 

2. BOOSTS TRACTION automatically. 

3. Powers harvesting machines stop-or-go 


4. Lifts and controls mounted implements. 

5. Controls pulled implements hydraulically. 

6. Drives belt-powered machines. 

"."-, Pulls 2-bottom plow or equivalent in toughest soils. 


Itpactor division <■ Milwaukee i. us a. J